Shift #

Number of realizations

10

to suffer

to endure

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme bze-re
Meaning 1 suffering, torment, pain
Meaning 2 patience bze-re-chung-ba
"impatient, hot tempered"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VIII, 192. Cf. also bzod-pa 'to suffer, to stand, to bear'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme suffer
Meaning 1 to suffer I suffer from headaches
Direction
Meaning 2 to tolerate, to endure I cannot suffer him. How can you suffer such insolence? France will no longer suffer the existing government.
Reference ODE
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme szenved
Meaning 1 to suffer szenvedni az igazságért
"to suffer for the truth"
Direction
Meaning 2 to endure vereséget szenvedni
"to endure failure"
Reference Гальди 1974 687
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme sufrir
Meaning 1 to suffer
Direction
Meaning 2 to endure no puedo sufrir (a uno)
"I can't tolerate (smb.)"
Reference Narumov 1995
Related Languages
Comment Also Romanian suferi, Portuguese sofrer, French souffrir
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme patire
Meaning 1 to suffer patire di stomaco
Direction
Meaning 2 to endure non patire il sole
"do not tolerate sunlight"
Reference Zor'ko et al. 2002
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme leiden
Meaning 1 to suffer
Direction
Meaning 2 to endure
Reference Moskal'skaja (ed.) 2001
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Portuguese
Lexeme padecer
Meaning 1 to suffer
Direction
Meaning 2 to endure
Reference Feerštejn, Starec 2005 591
Related Languages
Comment from Vulgar Latin *patīscere, from Latin patior 'to suffer'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme patior
Meaning 1 to suffer, to undergo
Direction
Meaning 2 to bear with equanimity, to tolerate, to put up with
Reference Glare 1309
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Greek
Lexeme υποφέρω
Meaning 1 to suffer
Direction
Meaning 2 to endure
Reference Xorikov, Malev 1993 779
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Polish
Lexeme cierpieć
Meaning 1 to suffer
Direction
Meaning 2 to endure
Reference Gessen, Stypula 1980 1, 113
Related Languages
Comment Also Czech trpět, Slovene trpẹ́ti