Shift #

Number of realizations

12

mouth

mouth (of a river)

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme amnga
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth
Reference Vasilevič 1958 28
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme 1 ʔaf
Lexeme 2 ʔaf may
Meaning 1 'mouth'
Direction
Meaning 2 'river mouth, outfall' (lit. 'mouth of water')
Reference KT 1546-47
Related Languages
Comment cognate to Akk.pû(m) (see SED I No. 223
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Selkup
Lexeme анг
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Murzaev 1974: 129)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 уста (usta)
Lexeme 2 устье (ust'e)
Meaning 1 mouth, lips
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth
Reference Fasmer 1986 4,173
Related Languages
Comment (Murzaev 1974: 133)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme στόμα
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth
Reference LSJ 1648-1649
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme os, oris
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth
Reference Glare 1272-1273
Related Languages
Comment Murzaev 1974: 133.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme mouth
Meaning 1 the opening and cavity in the lower part of the human face, surrounded by the lips, through which food is taken in and vocal sounds are emitted
Direction
Meaning 2 the place where a river enters the sea
Reference ODE
Related Languages
Comment (Murzaev 1974: 133)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme kŏu (口)
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth
Reference BKRS 1735
Related Languages
Comment The same in Vietnamese, cf. khau 'river mouth, port, mountain passage' (Murzaev 1974: 130, 133).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme bouche
Meaning 1 mouth une bouche large
"a big mouth"
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth la bouche d'un fleuve
"the mouth of a river"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment (Murzaev 1974: 133)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme beran (բերան)
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 river mouth geti beran (գետի բերան)
"river mouth"
Reference Galstjan 1984 124, 151
Related Languages
Comment also a complex word getaberan (գետաբերան) 'river mouth, estuary'. From Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-ano-, from *bʰerH- ‘to bore, pierce’; cognates include Lithuanian burnà ‘mouth’, Ancient Greek φάρυγξ ‘throat’, Latin frūmen ‘larynx, throat’, Old Norse barki ‘throat, windpipe’, Bulgarian бърна ‘lip’ Ačaṙyan 1, 40-41, Murzaev 1974: 129, 133.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme аас
Meaning 1 mouth, chaps
Meaning 2 creek
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme pû(m)
Meaning 1 mouth puk edil
"shut up!"
Direction
Meaning 2 creek ina pí-i nārim-ma
"in the river mouth"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment AHw 872-73