Shift #

Number of realizations

5

top

North

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udi
Lexeme alin
Meaning 1 upper алин атIаж
"the upper floor"
Meaning 2 North
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Gukasjan 1974: 42)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mesqan
Lexeme nän
Meaning 1 above, on, up, over
Direction
Meaning 2 north
Reference
Related Languages In other Gurage languages the shift of meaning is 'top' > 'east' (cf. LGur. 457)
Comment (LGur. I 802; LGur 457). From Semitic *ʕly 'to be high, evelated' > South Ethio-Semitic *lay 'above'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme өрүтен
Meaning 1 on top
Direction
Meaning 2 from the North
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme udaktás
Meaning 1 on top
Direction
Meaning 2 from the North
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кочергина 117
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yaqui (Hiaki)
Lexeme hikau vicha
Meaning 1 uphill
Direction
Meaning 2 towards north
Reference Dictionary Yaqui 46
Related Languages
Comment Also hikau 'at/towards the top', hikau yehtela 'ahead, advanced in position', mekka hikau 'way up', hikawa, hikawi 'at/towards the top'