Shift #

Number of realizations

15

paper

letter (text)

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme čar
Meaning 1 paper; sheet of paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter; document
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 367)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme k'eǯ
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Sulejmanov 2003)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme kaʁɨz
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter; document
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 147). The same in Tabassaran (КАГЪАЗ), cf. (TabRus 188).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme kiyat
Meaning 1 paper йазмак кийады
"writing paper"
Direction
Meaning 2 letter кийат каблетмää
"to get a letter"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ГРМС 268.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme kâğaz
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference Rubinčik 1970
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Archi
Lexeme kaʁəra
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment From Farsi. In Kibrik et al. (eds.) 1977 only 'paper'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gurindji
Lexeme mirlimirli
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3 Also 'book'. From Jaru mirlimirli 'paper', Tharrgari mirli 'paperbark tree'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hup
Lexeme cug’æ̌t
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3 Also 'book'. historically the same as 'leaf'. Possibly from j’ug-g’æt 'forest-leaf'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kali'na (Carib)
Lexeme kaleta
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3 Also 'book', 'birth certificate', 'postcard', 'newspaper', 'government document'. From Spanish carta 'letter'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Malagasy
Lexeme taratàsy
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3 From Arabian qartās 'paper'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Q'eqchi'
Lexeme hu
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3 Also 'book'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language White Hmong (Hmong Daw)
Lexeme ntawv
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3 Also 'book', 'postcard'; ‘book’ requires stack classifier phau, ‘letter’ and ‘postcard’ require message classifier tsab
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tzotzil
Lexeme vun
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference World Loanword Database
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3 Also 'book', 'document', from the Proto-Mayan word for 'a type of bark (amate)'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hani
Lexeme so³¹ɣa³¹
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference Sūn 1991
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Jinuo (Jino)
Lexeme a³³pjo³³
Meaning 1 paper
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (text)
Reference Sūn 1991
Related Languages
Comment CLICS-3