Number of realizations

72

moon

month

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme la̰
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference Novikov et al. 1976 page 489
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme tsuki (月)
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 calendary month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment .
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme ḥōdeš
Meaning 1 new moon ḥōdeš māḥār 'tomorrow is the new moon' (1S 20:5)
Direction
Meaning 2 month ḥōdeš bəšānā ‘one month in the year’ (1K 4:7)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (HALOT 294). From the PS *ḥdṯ 'to be new' (> 'new moon' > 'moon' > 'month'), cf. Kogan 2010a:27.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Erzya
Lexeme ков
Meaning 1 moon ковось ещё эзь лисне ды менелесь чоподаль
"the moon had not risen yet and the sky was dark"
Direction
Meaning 2 month несэнть кемгавтово ковт
"There are twelve months in a year"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭрзРС 273
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme mwezi
Meaning 1 moon mwezi uliliwa na joka
"lunar eclipse"
Direction
Meaning 2 month kila mwezi
"every month"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme кичеʒəə
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС 821
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Jarawara
Lexeme abariko
Meaning 1 moon Abariko wene kitaka.
"The moon is shining brightly."
Direction
Meaning 2 month Abariko ohari ota nabiyaro ota amake, ota kobo towitiyabani ota sorowaha me tabori ya
"We travelled a month to arrive at the Sorowaha village"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment JED 49
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Thai
Lexeme 1 dɯ̄an
Lexeme 2 dʉan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Thai
Related Languages
Comment Morev 1964, 270
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Adyghe
Lexeme maze
Meaning 1 moon мазэр къыкъокIыгъ
"the moon rose"
Direction
Meaning 2 month январь мазэм
"in the month of January"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АдРС 200
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme waz
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same polysemy in Lezg., Tab., Rut., Tsakh., Kryz, Budukh, Archi.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme masah
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme mesjac
Meaning 1 moon, month Светит месяц, светит ясный
"The clear moon is shining"
Meaning 2 moon
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme ай
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 calendary month бир ай
"January"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also Karaim., Gagauz. ай 'moon; calendary month'. (КРПС 50, ГРМС 30)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 moon
Lexeme 2 month
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 calendary month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme arḫu
Meaning 1 moon šâtu kīma arḫim annaṭālim
"'she is like the moon to look upon'"
Direction
Meaning 2 month šalšam arḫam
"'during the third month'"
Reference
Related Languages The same polisemy in the majority of reflexes of this root in Semitic languages. Cf. Fronzaroli (CLCS III) 1965, Kogan in preparation, 2.3.3.
Comment (CAD AII 259-61)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme zla-ba
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VIII, 160.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kashub
Lexeme ksąžëc
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment СД 3, 236
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme buwán
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference Krus Ignašev 1959 page 69
Related Languages
Comment SEALang Tagalog
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romani
Lexeme čhon
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lithuanian Romani and other varieties
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme аткиқāн
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТМС 1, 58
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme lună
Meaning 1 moon Lună a ieşit de la nori
"the moon came out from the clouds"
Direction
Meaning 2 month Anul are douăsprezece luni.
"There are twelve months in a year"
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DEX98, DER 477-478. The second meaning possibly emerged under the Slavic influence.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme σελήνη
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 moon (poet.)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme khae
Meaning 1 moon khae rɔnouk
"decrescent moon"
Direction
Meaning 2 month khae lə̣:k
"a month with an extra day, february in a leap year"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Gorgoniev 1984, 118
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme bēga
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Василевич 1958, 52
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Seri
Lexeme iizax
Meaning 1 moon iizax quij
Direction
Meaning 2 month iizax cap
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment This word is used with different definite articles. Combined with the article quij ‘compact’, it means ‘the moon’; with cop/cap ‘vertical; abstract’ — ‘the month’.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kubachi
Lexeme бац
Meaning 1 moon бацла шшала
"moon light"
Direction
Meaning 2 month Рамадан бац
"month of ramadan"
Reference Magomedov Saidov-Akkutta 2017 page 72
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme толэзь
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference Kirillova 2008
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Cham
Lexeme pìlà̠n
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference Alieva Bùi Khán Thế 1999 page 132
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Greek
Lexeme φεγγάρι
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 lunar month (about 28 days)
Reference DSMG
Related Languages
Comment From Byzantine Greek φεγγάριν, from φεγγάριον; diminutive of Ancient Greek φέγγος 'moonlight'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lithuanian
Lexeme mėnuo
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month šeši mėnesiai
"six months"
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Polish
Lexeme miesiąc
Meaning 1 (archaic) moon Świec nie zapalajcie, Bo wam miesiąc osrebrzy łagodnie świetlice. (Julian Tuwim Dziewczynom)
"Do not light the candles, for the month will gently silver the clubs for you."
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bashkir
Lexeme ай
Meaning 1 moon Сәскәләргә ҡунған ысыҡ ай яҡтыһына ялтырай.
"The dew that fell on flowers glistens in the moonlight."
Direction
Meaning 2 month Ҡыҙыбыҙ ҡаланан айына бер ҡайтып тора
"Our daughter comes home from the city once a month."
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kazakh
Lexeme ай
Meaning 1 moon Жер мен Ай арасындағы орташа қашықтық 384 500 км.
"The average distance between the Earth and the Moon is 384,500 km."
Direction
Meaning 2 month Наурыз жылдың әрі көктемнің бірінші айы.
"Nawryz (March) is the first month of the year and spring."
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kyrghyz
Lexeme ай
Meaning 1 moon Ай өзүнөн жарык чыгарбайт.
"The moon does not emit light."
Direction
Meaning 2 month Жыл айлары
"Months of the year"
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Waray
Lexeme búlan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Waray
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme giăng
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Shan
Lexeme lɤn1
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Shan
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Mon
Lexeme hətaoˀ
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Mon
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Maranao
Lexeme olan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Maranao
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Malay
Lexeme bulan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Malay
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Malay
Lexeme pĕrnama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Malay
Related Languages
Comment From Sanskrit
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme dɨ̀an
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Lao
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme mieh
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Khmer
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme candra
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme sasi
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme wulan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme sasi
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme syahru
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Related Languages
Comment From Arabian
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme bulan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ilocano
Lexeme bulan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Ilocano
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme búlan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme bulan
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Balinese
Related Languages
Comment Low register. Also wulan
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme sa-sangka
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Balinese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme sasih
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference SEALang Balinese
Related Languages
Comment High register
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language 1 Komi
Language 2 Meadow Mari
Lexeme тӧлысь
Meaning 1 moon тыр тӧлысь
"full moon"
Direction
Meaning 2 month тӧлысь сайын
"month ago"
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Meadow Mari
Lexeme тылзе
Meaning 1 moon тичмаш тылзе
"full moon"
Direction
Meaning 2 month Август тылзе – тургым пагыт, тӱредме жап. (Вениамин Иванов)
"The month of August is a time of reaping, a time of harvest"
Reference Marij jylme muter
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hill Mari
Lexeme тӹлзӹ
Meaning 1 moon тошты тӹлзӹ
"full moon"
Direction
Meaning 2 month тӹлзӹ йӹде
"every month"
Reference Savatkova 2008
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language West Futuna (Futuna-Aniwa)
Lexeme mrama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuamotu
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tikopia
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 lunar month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Takuu
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sikaiana
Lexeme malama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Cook Islands Maori (Rarotongan)
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Rapa
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Penrhyn
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nukuoro
Lexeme malama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Maori
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Marquesan
Lexeme meʔama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Rakahanga-Manihiki
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 lunar month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mangareva
Lexeme marama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kapingamarangi
Lexeme malama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hawaiian
Lexeme malama
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference POLLEX-Online
Related Languages
Comment