Shift #1005

head → chief (n.)

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lak
Lexeme bak'
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 leader, boss аьралуннал бакI
"the army leader"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Khajdakov 1962: 50). Cf. the derivative бакIчи 'leader, head, chief' (p. 51).
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Nganasan
Lexeme 1 ңойбуо
Lexeme 2 ңойбу
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 chief
Reference NMS 2039, 2042
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme kichwa
Meaning 1 head kichwa wazi
"with uncovered head"
Direction
Meaning 2 leader
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language Icelandic
Lexeme höfuð
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 chief
Reference Berkov et al. 1962
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme юр
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 head, superior овмöсса юр
"the master of the household"
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000 775
Related Languages
Comment also юрлысь 'head' (юрлысь Коми Республикаса 'The Head of the Komi Republic')
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme glux (գլուխ)
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 leader, chief
Reference Galstjan 1984 160
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language Saamic
Lexeme вуэййв
Meaning 1 head выгклэ вӯйвэнѣ
"to shake one's head"
Direction
Meaning 2 chief, chairman сыййт Совеhт вуэййв
"the chairman of the village council"
Reference Kuruč 1985 60
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Buriat
Lexeme толгой
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 head, master, leader
Reference Anikin 2000 529
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Uzbek
Lexeme бош
Meaning 1 head
Meaning 2 head, boss бош инженер
"chief engineer"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Gagauz баш (ГРМС 75).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme head
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 head, boss head of the department
"head of the department"
Reference Koptjevskaja-Tamm 2008 27
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 голова (golova)
Lexeme 2 golova
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 chief городской голова
"mayor"
Reference MAS
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Hungarian
Lexeme fej
Meaning 1 head fejbe ütni
"to hit somebody on the head"
Direction
Meaning 2 chief az állam feje
"head of state"
Reference Gal’di 1987 214, 252-253
Related Languages
Comment Also adjective fő 'main, principal' and 'chief' (családfő 'head of the family', kormánifő 'head of the government') derivated from fej
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 French
Lexeme 1 caput
Lexeme 2 chef
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 chief chef d'entreprise
"director, leader of an enterprise"
Reference Robert historique 719-724
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme shǒu
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 head, leader, chief, originator
Reference BKRS 2791
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme сäр
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 head, boss
Reference PRS 445
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme rəʔs
Meaning 1 head təḳbāʔ rəʔəsaka wataḫaḍab gaṣṣaka Matth. 6:17: 'let you anoint your head and wash your face'
Direction
Meaning 2 chief (leader) rəʔsa kāhənāt 'the head of the priests';
Reference
Related Languages From Proto-Semitic 'head'. Cf. also Classical Arabic raʔs- 'head; headman, chief, commander' (Lane 996-997); Amharic ras (a title) (from Geez rəʔs)
Comment LGz. 459; LLA 294-295.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme kba:l
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 head, chief
Reference Gorgoniev 1984 89
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme q’il
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 head, leader колхоздин кьил
"the director of a collective farm"
Reference LezgRus 203-204
Related Languages
Comment The same in Tabassaran (КIУЛ), cf. (TabRus 214).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme mūrdhán
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 chief (applied to persons)
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW 826
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Yaqui (Hiaki)
Lexeme 1 kova
Lexeme 2 kovanao
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 governor, leader of a religious society
Reference Dictionary Yaqui 82-83
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme йыр
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 chief (n.)
Reference Kirillova 2008
Related Languages
Comment