Shift #1069

to see/to look at → to know

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Realization
Type Cognates
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 videt'
Lexeme 2 vedat'
Meaning 1 to see
Direction
Meaning 2 to know он не ведает что творит
"he doesn't know what he's doing"
Reference Vanhove 2008 352
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 Icelandic
Lexeme 1 videre
Lexeme 2 vita
Meaning 1 to see
Meaning 2 to know
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. the Eng.wit
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 εἶδον (aor. 2, 1sg)
Lexeme 2 οἶδα (pf. 1sg)
Meaning 1 to see, to look κατ᾽ ἐνῶπα ἰδεῖν; οἰκτρὸς ἰδεῖν
"to look in the face; one who looks miserable"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be informed τοῦ εἰδέναι ὀρέγεσθαι
"strive for knowledge"
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 482, 1201; Vanhove 2008: 341; Sweetser 1990: 33
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme ona
Meaning 1 to see, to notice
Direction
Meaning 2 to know ona kwa vitendo
"to get to know by experience"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ṭayyaḳa
Meaning 1 observe, look at, contemplate wa-yəbelo ʔəgziʔabəḥer la-muse rad wa-ʔaydəʕomu la-ḥəzb ʔi-yəḳrabu ḫaba ʔəgziʔabəḥer la-ṭayyəḳo ‘and God said to Moses: go down and inform the people that they should not approach God in order to see (him)’ (Ex. 19:21)
Direction
Meaning 2 to know exactly, be certain, ascertain tāʔamməri wa-təṭeyyəḳi kama yəmarrərakki ‘you are aware and you know how bitter it is for you’ (Jer. 2:19); ʔisrāʔel ʔi-ṭayyaḳanna ‘Israel did not know us’ (Jes. 63:16)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LGz. 600; LLA 1245-1246).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme rǝʔya
Meaning 1 to see rǝʔya ḥǝlma 'he saw a dream' (Gen. 41:1); rǝʔiku bǝʔǝse yǝṣṣeʕan 'I saw a man riding' (Zach. 1:8)
Direction
Meaning 2 to know, to learn wa-rǝʔi ʔǝnka wa-ʔaʔmǝr kama ʔalbo ʔǝkkit wǝsta ʔǝdeye 'and know and perceive that there is no evil in my hand' (1 Reg. 24:12); rǝʔikanu kama ʔangʷargʷaru farasāwǝyān ‘do you know that the Pharisees are grumbling’ (Matth. 15:12)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LLA 296-297).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kaurna
Lexeme nakkondi
Meaning 1 to see/to look at
Direction
Meaning 2 to know
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 551
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Warlpiri
Lexeme nyangu
Meaning 1 to see, watch, look at
Direction
Meaning 2 to determine, find out
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 551
Related Languages
Comment MO