Shift #

Number of realizations

16

to smear, anoint

to bribe

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme padulás
Meaning 1 oiling, lubrication
Direction
Meaning 2 bribe
Reference
Related Languages
Comment From dulás 'smoothness; gliding'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kumyk
Lexeme майла-
Meaning 1 to oil
Meaning 2 to bribe
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme untar
Meaning 1 to oil, to smear untar con aceite
"to butter"
Meaning 2 to bribe
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also in the phrase untar la mano 'to bribe' (lit. 'to grease a palm') Narumov 1995, 773
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme вадемс
Meaning 1 to spread
Meaning 2 to bribe
Reference
Related Languages
Comment In set phrases вадемс кядь 'to bribe' (lit. 'to grease a palm') and вадемс нярь 'the same' (lit. 'to grease a face')
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme grease
Meaning 1 to lubricate, to oil
Meaning 2 to bribe to grease the palm (hand), to grease the wheels
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also Ital.ungere 'to oil', meaning "to bribe" in set phrases ungere la ruote / la carrucola 'to bribe (lit. to oil wheels / block)'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme graisser
Meaning 1 lubricate graisser une machine
"to oil a car"
Direction
Meaning 2 to bribe graisser le marteau
"to bribe the doorkeeper"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment The expression 'graisser le marteau' is obsolete. Cf. also the expression 'graisser la patte à qqn' (to bribe someone, lit. to smear one's pad'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme a unge
Meaning 1 to oil
Direction
Meaning 2 to bribe
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme lubricate
Meaning 1 to lubricate to lubricate the cylinder
"to lubricate the cylinder"
Meaning 2 to bribe
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme schmieren
Meaning 1 to smear Butter auf Brot schmieren
"to spread bread with butter"
Direction
Meaning 2 to bribe er hat ihn geschmiert
"he bribed him"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme podmazat'
Meaning 1 to oil, to lubricate
Meaning 2 to bribe (substand.)
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme абурагусури
Meaning 1 unction, ointment
Meaning 2 bribe
Reference
Related Languages
Comment There is a derivative verb meaning "to anoint, to put ointment"
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme yaala-
Meaning 1 to spread, to lubricate
Meaning 2 to bribe (smn)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ГРМС 206.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme läḳ̃läḳ̃ä
Meaning 1 'to paint, daub, smear, coat walls with mud'
Direction
Meaning 2 'to bribe, give bribes'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment KT 87
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme smøre
Meaning 1 to smear, anoint smøre salve på såret
"to smear ointment over the wound"
Direction
Meaning 2 to bribe dørvakten måtte smøres litt før vi slapp inn
"we had to bribe the guard before we came in"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme smøre
Meaning 1 to smear, anoint
Direction
Meaning 2 to bribe
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme smörja
Meaning 1 to smear, anoint hon smorde (in) händerna med hudkräm
"she smeared her hands with skin cream"
Direction
Meaning 2 to bribe de herrarna måste man smörja för att få dem dit man vill
"one has to bribe the masters in order to get what one wants from them"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment