Shift #12

to calculate, count — to read

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kilivila
Lexeme -kalava-
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme luke-
Meaning 1 calculate, count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kiribati
Lexeme wareka
Meaning 1 count, calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kwamera
Lexeme -awsini
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sumerian
Lexeme šid
Meaning 1 calculate, count
Direction
Meaning 2 read aloud, recite
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme tlapōhua
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Samoan
Lexeme faitau
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme йылӈык
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КорРС 43
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme туобталудя
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС 2924
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yoruba
Lexeme
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mekeo
Lexeme e-kuapi (-na)
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Saamic
Lexeme лōгкэ
Meaning 1 to count лōгкэ ōдтэсьт
"to count smb"
Direction
Meaning 2 to read лōгкэ ōд кнӣга
"to read a new book"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment СаамРС, 161
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Old East Slavic
Lexeme чисти
Meaning 1 to count, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment In Russian the derivatives of this verb acquired different meanings: считать 'to count' and читать 'to read'. Morphological relationships between the lexemes читать and считать is the following: читать - is the old imperfective form of чисти, считать is imperfecive.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lak
Lexeme bukːin
Meaning 1 to count цава-к1ива т1ий буккин
"to count in order"
Direction
Meaning 2 to read лу буккин
"to read a book"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment [Хайдаков 1962: 65]
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udihe
Lexeme таŋи-
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кормушин 1998, 293
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Dami (Marik)
Lexeme i-wese-ya
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Takia
Lexeme -siti
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Motu
Lexeme dulahi-a
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mari
Lexeme luɗa
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Estonian
Lexeme lugema
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read, consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme ањл̹нэ'л̹кас
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Володин, Халоймова 14
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lango
Lexeme kwànnò, kwân
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Maya
Lexeme xok
Meaning 1 count, number
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tolai (Kuanua)
Lexeme luk
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Navajo
Lexeme ʻííníshtaʼ
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 read
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme л̹нэс
Meaning 1 to count əњчэ'н қл̹ныхэ'н
"count the fish!"
Direction
Meaning 2 to read ты'н книга қл̹ных
"read this book"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Володин, Халоймова 52