Shift #13

to calculate, count → to have opinion

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Fula
Lexeme jatoo
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to think, to consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ФРФС 262
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme kadiri
Meaning 1 to count, to compute, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to suppose, to assume
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kannada
Lexeme eṇike
Meaning 1 counting, number
Direction
Meaning 2 thinking
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme 1 poa
Lexeme 2 yolpoa
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 think
Reference
Related Languages
Comment yollotl 'heart'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme hesabu
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider (as)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181 (from Arabic ḥasaba)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme artal-
Meaning 1 count, calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 think
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bagvalal
Lexeme b=is'ĩ
Meaning 1 <кто: ERG; кого/что: NOM>
Meaning 2 <who: ERG; whom/what: NOM; кем/with what: INTERESS>
Reference Кибрик (ред.) 2001: 850
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nanaj
Lexeme bodo-
Meaning 1 to count, to reckon, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to regard as, to take smb for smth balana ekte naiva ui-dē naidu bodoasi bičin
"Before no one considered women human"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Borrowed from the Mong. бодо- 'think'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme zi hisabdaldi
Meaning 1 I reckon
Direction
Meaning 2 to my opinion, I guess (that)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 103). The Instrumental form from ГЬИСАБ 'count'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme sčitat'
Meaning 1 to count считать звезды на небе
"to count the stars in the sky"
Direction
Meaning 2 to think, to believe Я считаю, что ты неправ.
"I think you are wrong."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme zählen
Meaning 1 to count die Stimmzettel zählen
"to count bills (votes)"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be regarded as Er wird zu den Besten gezählt.
"He is considered one of the best."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme compter
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to have an opinion
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme suàn
Meaning 1 to count, to reckon, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to assume, to admit
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БКРС 4633
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme broi
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to think
Reference
Related Languages
Comment [Толовски, Иллич-Свитыч 1963: 41]
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme ratio
Meaning 1 count, calculation
Direction
Meaning 2 thought, reflection
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Glare 1575)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ḫʷallaḳʷa
Meaning 1 count, number, enumerate wa-ḫʷalaḳomu babāmā la-kʷəllu sabʔa ʔəsrāʔ̑el wa-konu 6000 (1 Reg 11:8) ‘and he counted in Bāmā all the people of Israel and they were 6000’
Direction
Meaning 2 take account, review, impute, consider ʔəḫʷelləḳomu kama baḳʷəʕet wa-barakat (Walatta Petros 34) 'I consider them as profit and blessing (= to be profit and blessing)'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LGz. 261)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme сана-
Meaning 1 to count, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to think, to estimate, to admit эки деп санаар
"to consider good"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same Karaim. сан- '1 to count, to calculate; 2 to think, to believe' (КРПС 464).
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Latin
Lexeme puto
Meaning 1 to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to have an opinion
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 383, 1526. Cf. also computo 'calculate'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme count
Meaning 1 to find the number of smth. to count one's money
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider to be, to regard as a. to count smb. as dead
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The verb count in meaning B is not used in constructions with the complement clauses.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkmen
Lexeme са:й-
Meaning 1 to count, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to regard as
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Turkish
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme 1 ḥasaba
Lexeme 2 ḥasiba
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to believe, to think, to imagine ḥasibtuhu ṣāliḥ-an ‘I thought him good, righteous’ (Lane 565)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (BK I 423)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme manû
Meaning 1 to count, to count and list
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider a person, a region, an object as belonging to a specific class, region, or destination alḳâšunūtima ana nišē māti ja am-nu-šu-nu-ti 'I took and considered them as people of my own land'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (CAD M 221).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme contare
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to have an opinion Lo conto un grand’uomo.
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yoruba
Lexeme
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 regard as
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Indonesian
Lexeme 1 menghitung
Lexeme 2 memperhitungkan
Meaning 1 count, calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 calculate, take into consideration
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Manchu
Lexeme bodo-
Meaning 1 calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 plan, consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Rapanui
Lexeme tapa
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider, determine
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Telugu
Lexeme ennu
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 think, esteem
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme számol
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 take into account/consideration
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Estonian
Lexeme arvama
Meaning 1 reckon, count
Direction
Meaning 2 think, consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme toolo-
Meaning 1 calculate, count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme ḳʷäṭṭärä
Meaning 1 to count, enumerate, calculate, reckon dəmṣ ḳʷäṭṭärä ‘to count the votes’ (Gankin 1969:363)
Direction
Meaning 2 to regard, consider as, ascribe, impute əndä wädaǧǧe əḳʷäṭrəhallähu ‘I regard you as my friend’ (Gankin 1969:363)
Reference
Related Languages Same polysemy in Tigrinya ḳʷäṣärä (KT 1060)
Comment (K 831; Gankin 1969:363). In the meaning B governs the preposition əndä 'like, as'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sumerian
Lexeme šár
Meaning 1 calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 consider carefully
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme (N)-ituŋ
Meaning 1 calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 think something other, weighing up the pros and cons
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme ɓala
Meaning 1 count, calvulate
Direction
Meaning 2 take into account, analyze
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ɓalisa 'cause to count; ponder over one`s troubles'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Egyptian
Lexeme jp
Meaning 1 count, pay
Direction
Meaning 2 consider, be reasonable
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 180
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme rɔap
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme telja
Meaning 1 to count þau töldu peningana
"they counted the money"
Direction
Meaning 2 to have opinion ég tel hana vera góðan kennara
"I consider him as a good teacher"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme regne
Meaning 1 to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider as hun regnes for å være spesialist på området
"she is considered to be an expert in this field"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme räkna
Meaning 1 to count räkna pengar
"to count money"
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider as jag har alltid räknat honom som en vän
"I have always considered him as a friend"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme regne
Meaning 1 to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider as Han regnedes for en af de klogere
"He was considered as one of the cleverest people"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment