Shift #140

to take prisoner → to charm, to delight

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme a cuceri
Meaning 1 to conquer, to capture, to take hold a cuceri cetatea
"to occupy a fortress"
Direction
Meaning 2 to cause sympathy
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment cf. the adjective cuceritor 'charming': zâmbet cuceritor 'charming smile'. From Latin *conquaerĕre < conquirĕre
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme plenit'
Meaning 1 to capture Противник был окружен и пленен.
"The enemy was encircled and captured"
Meaning 2 to charm Ее взор меня пленил.
"I was captivated by her look."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Ожегов. Стр. 523.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme captivate
Meaning 1 to capture, to take prisoners
Meaning 2 to delight, to charm Her beauty captivated him
"Her beauty captivated him (Гальперин, Англо-Русский словарь, 1979. стр. 218)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Meaning А is obsolete. Cf.also captivating 'пленительный, очаровательный'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme marräkä
Meaning 1 to capture, to take prisoners
Direction
Meaning 2 to charm, to attract
Reference
Related Languages
Comment [K 189] (the original meaning is that of 'take prisoner'; Cf. Ge'ez māhraka 'take as booty, plunder, loot, rob, pillage' [LGz. 334]
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old Slavonic
Language 2 Russian
Lexeme 1 въсхытити
Lexeme 2 voshitit'
Meaning 1 to grasp, to seize, to kidnap насъ въсхытивъше ведете (Старославянский словарь, 157)
Direction
Meaning 2 to make admire Он меня совершенно восхитил.
"I felt a perfect admiration for him."
Reference
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Comment ###ИГ
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme zahvatit'
Meaning 1 to capture захватить заложников
"to take hostages"
Direction
Meaning 2 to enthrall работа меня захватила
"the work absorbed me"
Reference
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Comment Cf. Also захватывающий (absorbing)
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language French
Lexeme ravir
Meaning 1 to steal, to carry away, to deprive of smth by force
Direction
Meaning 2 to delight, to charm être ravi
"to be delighted"
Reference
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Comment