Shift #146

shame → genitalia

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Realization
Type Derivation
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme 1 bwš (qal)
Lexeme 2 məbūšīm
Meaning 1 to be ashamed (sich schaemen; HALAT 112)
Direction
Meaning 2 genitalia (‘pudenda, Schamteile’; HALAT 514) wə-šaləḥā yādāh wə-heḥĕzīḳā bi-məbušāw
"Dt. 25:11: ‘and she stretched her hand and seized him by his genitals’"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lexeme Б is hapax legomenon
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme ičreg
Meaning 1 shy, blushful
Direction
Meaning 2 genitals (obs., honorif.)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БАМРС. Cf. also ичир 'shame, disgrace', ичих 'to be ashamed'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme 1 ayıp
Lexeme 2 ayıp yerler
Meaning 1 shame, disgrace
Meaning 2 genitalia
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТуРС 81. Не совсем полисемия. Переходный случай. Может в комментарий к переходу?
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme αἰδώς
Meaning 1 shame, disgrace
Direction
Meaning 2 genitals
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 36 In the second meaning it is used by Homer (Iliad 2, 261). The same root in the word αἰδοῖον freq. in pl. αἰδοῖα 'privy parts, pudenda (both of men and women)'.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Spanish
Lexeme 1 vergüenza
Lexeme 2 vergüenzas
Meaning 1 shame, disgrace
Direction
Meaning 2 genitalia
Reference
Related Languages также итал. vergogna
Comment Narumov 1995: 786
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme яндзим
Meaning 1 shame, disgrace
Direction
Meaning 2 genitals (animals)
Reference
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Comment КомиРС 779
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme styd
Meaning 1 shame
Direction
Meaning 2 genitals стыд прикрой
"cover your genitals"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ḫafrat
Meaning 1 ‘shame’ kama ḫafrata sarāḳi soba yəʔəḫḫəzəwwo
"Jer. 2:26: As a thief is shamed when he is taken"
Direction
Meaning 2 ‘pudenda’ kadanku ḫafrataki
"Hez. 16:8: I covered your shame"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LLA 627. All examples are from the Bible. A possible calque from Greek.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme sram
Meaning 1 shame Мертвые сраму не имут.
"The dead cannot feel ashamed."
Direction
Meaning 2 shame, disgrace Срам прикрой.
"Cover your genitals."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also the adjective срамной (shameful): срамное место (genitals); срамные губы (vagina).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme Scham
Meaning 1 shame vor Scham rot werden
"to go red with shame"
Direction
Meaning 2 shame, pudental parts Scham bedecken;
"to cover the genitals"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment