Shift #1472

earth, soil → country, land

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme сəмт
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 country
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Володин, Халоймова 82
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme chi (地)
Meaning 1 earth, soil
Direction
Meaning 2 region
Reference
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Comment EDICT.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme zemlja
Meaning 1 earth, ground Растирать в ладонях землю.
"to rub earth in one's hands"
Direction
Meaning 2 land Новгородская земля
"The land of Novgorod"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme йэр
Meaning 1 earth, soil
Direction
Meaning 2 land, country, region
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 273
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme gaʒar
Meaning 1 earth, soil
Direction
Meaning 2 place
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme топрах
Meaning 1 earth, dust
Direction
Meaning 2 region, land
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 538.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme shing-sa
Meaning 1 soil, earth
Direction
Meaning 2 region, province
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VIII, 74.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme зäмин
Meaning 1 earth, soil
Direction
Meaning 2 country, land
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 420.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme pṛthvī
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 country
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also the name of the godess of earth. Cf. also pṛthvī-tala 'ground surface, soil', 'world'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme хак
Meaning 1 earth, soil, sand
Direction
Meaning 2 country
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 298-299.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old English
Lexeme land, lond
Meaning 1 soil
Direction
Meaning 2 lot, country
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme föld
Meaning 1 earth, soil fagyos föld
"frozen ground"
Direction
Meaning 2 country, land
Reference Гальди 1974 253
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yaqui (Hiaki)
Lexeme bwia
Meaning 1 earth, land, soil
Direction
Meaning 2 area, region, country
Reference Dictionary Yaqui 17
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lakota
Lexeme makȟá
Meaning 1 earth, ground; dirt, soil, dust
Direction
Meaning 2 land, estate
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yankton-Yanktonai
Lexeme makȟá
Meaning 1 earth, ground; dirt, soil, dust
Direction
Meaning 2 land, estate
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Santee-Sisseton
Lexeme makhá
Meaning 1 earth, ground; dirt, soil, dust
Direction
Meaning 2 land, estate
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lowland Oaxaca Chontal
Lexeme amats’
Meaning 1 soil
Direction
Meaning 2 earth, ground, land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Seri
Lexeme hant
Meaning 1 earth, dirt, land
Direction
Meaning 2 land, place
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Cochimi
Lexeme ʔ-met ~ ʔ-mat
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 place
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kiliwa
Lexeme ʔmat
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 land, place
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Iipay
Lexeme ʔəmat ~ mat ~ ʔəmaṭ
Meaning 1 earth, ground, dirt, clay
Direction
Meaning 2 land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ko’alh
Lexeme maṭ̌
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Cocopa
Lexeme maṭ
Meaning 1 ground, dirt, earth
Direction
Meaning 2 land, country, (city) lot
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Quechan
Lexeme ʔəmaṭ
Meaning 1 land, dirt, clay
Direction
Meaning 2 territory, place, country, continent
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Maricopa
Lexeme ʔmat ~ mat
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 land, field
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kitanemuk
Lexeme tɨva-č
Meaning 1 earth, ground
Direction
Meaning 2 land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serrano
Lexeme tiyʳvac
Meaning 1 earth; ground
Direction
Meaning 2 land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ventureño
Lexeme šup
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Barbareño
Lexeme shup
Meaning 1 earth, ground, soil, dirt
Direction
Meaning 2 land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ineseño
Lexeme šup
Meaning 1 earth, soil, dirt
Direction
Meaning 2 place
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Central Hill Nisenan
Lexeme k’aw
Meaning 1 earth, ground
Direction
Meaning 2 place
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Wikchamni
Lexeme pʰaʔan
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 country, land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Molala
Lexeme laŋs
Meaning 1 earth
Direction
Meaning 2 country, land
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme му (mu)
Meaning 1 earth, soil вына му
"fertile soil"
Direction
Meaning 2 country, land мӧд муысь вои
"I came from another country"
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme му (mu)
Meaning 1 earth, soil гордсюй му
"clay soil"
Direction
Meaning 2 plot of field, area картофка му
"plot of field under the potato"
Reference Kirillova 2008
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Meadow Mari
Lexeme мланде (mlande)
Meaning 1 earth, soil, ground Мландым куралаш
"plow the ground"
Direction
Meaning 2 land, country, state, locality, place, owned territory Йот мланде
"foreign land"
Reference Marij jylme muter
Related Languages Also Hill Mary мӱлӓндӹ
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mansi
Lexeme мā (mā)
Meaning 1 earth, soil
Direction
Meaning 2 country, land
Reference Afanas'eva, Sobjanina 2012
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme музъем
Meaning 1 earth, soil
Direction
Meaning 2 land
Reference Kirillova 2008
Related Languages
Comment