Shift #1632

to flow ↔ to run

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ῥέω
Meaning 1 to flow φάραγγες ὕδατι ῥέουσαι
"gorges where the water flows"
Meaning 2 to rush ῥέων στρατὸς ἔστειχε
"The army rushed forward fiercely"
Reference
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Comment LSJ 1568
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old Slavonic
Lexeme тещи
Meaning 1 to flow воды рЬчьныя сЬмо и овамо текошя
Meaning 2 to run i дроугы оученикъ тече скорЬе петра
Reference
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Comment Ст.-слав.сл. 694
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme correr
Meaning 1 to run correr por la ciudad
"to run through the city"
Meaning 2 to flow (water, river) el río Don corre por la estepa ucraniana
"The river Don flows through the Ukranian steppe"
Reference
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Comment Narumov 1995: 228
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme strömen
Meaning 1 to flow das Blut strömt durch die Adern
"the blood is flowing in the veins"
Meaning 2 to rush die Menge strömte in den Saal
"People darted (gravitated) into the hall"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme utekat'
Meaning 1 to leak, to ooze (liquids) Вся вода утекла.
"The water leeked away"
Meaning 2 to escape a. Вот мы, ...как утекли из монастыря, так ни о чем уж и не думаем. (Пушкин) 'As for us, since we have ran away from the monastery, we do not think about anything any more.' (Pushkin)
Reference
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Comment Cf. also from Dal': ·*South., ·*West. (also Mezenj, Kola) to run, to run away, to go away running, to run for one's life, to escape. Убегшыя, яже утекоша к царю вавилонску, Иерм. И велели его (Нагова) беречи, чтобы не утек, ·стар. Из церкви вон утекают, ·стхр. Утекай, ожгу (Run away, or I will scald you)! Утек не утек - а побежать можно попытаться (Run away or not, it is worth trying running). Утек - не хвались, а Богу молись (If you escaped, don't boast, but pray to God). Был, у тещи - да рад утекши (I have visited my mother in law and I am happy to have run away)!
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme bežat'
Meaning 1 to run Лошадь бежала рысью.
"The horse was trotting"
Meaning 2 to flow a. Вода бежит из крана. 'Water is flowing from the tap.'
Reference
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Comment Cf. the more specific 'to boil and overflow' (colloquial) - Молоко бежит, сними его скорей с огня'Milk is overflowing, take it off from the stove'. Самовар бежит 'The samovar is overflowing' (Ushakov).
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Lithuanian
Language 2 Russian
Lexeme 1 bė́gti
Lexeme 2 bežat'
Meaning 1 to run, to flow (water)
Meaning 2 когнаты
Reference
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Comment В.С.Расторгуева, Д.И.Эдельман. Этимологический словарь иранских языков. том.2. М. Восточная литература. 2003. Стр.58
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Sanskrit
Language 2 Old Persian
Lexeme 1 dhan-
Lexeme 2 dan-
Meaning 1 to run, to flow
Meaning 2 to flow (river)
Reference
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Comment ЭСИЯ 2, 326-327
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Sanskrit
Language 2 Farsi
Lexeme 1 dhav-
Lexeme 2 dav-
Meaning 1 to run, to flow
Direction
Meaning 2 to run
Reference ЭСИЯ
Related Languages
Comment MW 513, ЭСИЯ 2, 384
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Avestan
Language 2 Khwaresmian
Lexeme 1 drav-
Lexeme 2 βzrw-
Meaning 1 to run (a deva)
Meaning 2 to flow, to overflow
Reference
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Comment βzrw- < *abi-drāuaia
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Romanian
Language 2 Latin
Lexeme 1 a curge
Lexeme 2 curro, currere
Meaning 1 to flow Curge izvorul, grîul răsare acolo pe unde trec urmele tăle
"the strem is flowing, the wheat is growing where your traces are (Gr. Viyaru)"
Direction
Meaning 2 to run
Reference DER
Related Languages
Comment currere > a cure > a curge DER Glare 476
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ğarāˊ
Meaning 1 'to flow'
Direction
Meaning 2 'to run'
Reference
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Comment Lane 415