Shift #1816

to hang → to depend

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Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 viset'
Lexeme 2 zaviset'
Meaning 1 to hang (intr.) картина висит на стене
"'The picture is hanging on the wall'"
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend on something время вылета зависит от погоды
"'The time of departure depends on the weather'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment A Latin or a French calque
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme colgar
Meaning 1 to hang
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Narumov 1995: 202
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme tänṭälṭälä
Meaning 1 to be hung up, to be hanging bä-mäḥnäḳ̌i tänṭälṭilom ʔalläwu ‘they were hanged on a gallows’
Direction
Meaning 2 to be dependent on nay ʔarbaʕtä miliyon həzbi ʕədəl ʔabza ṣäbbab bärri ʔəziʔ kətənṭəlṭäl nəməntay gäyromwa? ‘why did they make the fate of four million people dependent on that narrow [relief] corridor’
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (KT 2407).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme ālamb
Meaning 1 to hang
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend on smth
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW 153, Кочергина 100
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 French
Lexeme 1 dependere
Lexeme 2 dépendre
Meaning 1 to hang
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Fr. pendre 'hang' - dépendre 'depend', Ital. pendere 'hang' - dipendere 'depend', Span. pender 'hang' - depender 'depend'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Jewish Palestinian Aramaic
Lexeme tly
Meaning 1 to hang, suspend (tr.) mn dtlh šwmyh dlh bšlšln 'the one who suspended the sky without chains'
Direction
Meaning 2 to make dependent dʔynwn ʔklyn wtlyy byh 'they eat (the bread) and rely on him' (pass. part.)'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Sokoloff JPA 582). The shift is registered in the causative stem only.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 hang
Lexeme 2 hang on
Meaning 1 to hang A large handbag hung from her shoulder.
"A large handbag hung from her shoulder."
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend The team's survival in the league hangs on the result of this game.
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Also Germ. hängen 'hang' - abhängen 'depend'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Norwegian
Lexeme 1 henge
Lexeme 2 avhenge
Meaning 1 to hang det hang malerier på alle vegger
"paintings hung on all the walls"
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend alt avhenger av hans svar
"everything depends on his answer"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Danish
Lexeme 1 hænge
Lexeme 2 afhænge
Meaning 1 to hang hænge på væggen
"to hang on the wall"
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Swedish
Lexeme 1 hänga
Lexeme 2 avhänga
Meaning 1 to hang tavlan hängde över bokhyllan
"the blackboard hung over the bookcase"
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend resultatet avhänger av många olika faktorer, inte minst vädret
"the result will depend on many different factors, not least on the weather"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme függ
Meaning 1 to hang
Direction
Meaning 2 to depend ez attól függ
"it depends on this"
Reference Гальди 1974 258
Related Languages
Comment