Shift #1853

to breathe → to rest

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ʔarāḥa
Meaning 1 to breathe
Direction
Meaning 2 to have rest
Reference
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Comment (Lane 1179).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme tanafusi
Meaning 1 to breath
Direction
Meaning 2 to have rest, to make a break
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme pumua
Meaning 1 to breath
Direction
Meaning 2 to make a break
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme āçvas
Meaning 1 to breath freely
Direction
Meaning 2 to have rest
Reference
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Comment Кочергина 103-104
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Osetin
Lexeme ūlæfyn
Meaning 1 to breath
Direction
Meaning 2 to have rest
Reference
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Comment Абаев 4, 14
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme тын-
Meaning 1 to breath
Direction
Meaning 2 to have rest
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 ψύχω
Lexeme 2 ἀναψύχω
Meaning 1 to blow, to breathe
Direction
Meaning 2 to give rest, refreshment
Reference
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Comment In this case the shift in meaning was possibly the following: 'to breath, to blow' > 'to cool, to refresh' > 'to give rest'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme тäнäффос
Meaning 1 breath
Direction
Meaning 2 pause, break
Reference
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Comment ПРС 219. Borrowed from the Arabic nfs 'to breathe', like in Swahili.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Erzya
Lexeme укстамс
Meaning 1 to sigh Микита куваксто укстась
"Nikita sighed deeply"
Direction
Meaning 2 to have rest максомс ломантненень укстамс
"to let people have rest"
Reference
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Comment ЭрзРС 692
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ʔanfasa
Meaning 1 to breathe, to exhale ʔarāwit za-yānaffəsu ʔəsāta 'beasts which breathe fire'
Direction
Meaning 2 to have rest, to relax ʕabiya gəbra faṣṣamka wa-ʔanfaska 'you have completed a great deed and you had rest'
Reference
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Comment (LLA 706). The meaning B is more widespread (cf. also ʔastanfasa 'to breathe', ibid.). The meaning A is the original one, the root goes back to the Proto-Semitic *npš 'to breathe' (cf. SED I, No. 46).
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 dyšat'
Lexeme 2 otdyhat'
Meaning 1 breath
Meaning 2 to have rest
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Jarawara
Lexeme hasi na
Meaning 1 to breathe Oko hasi ni fafawaraba ke.
"My breathing is weak."
Direction
Meaning 2 to rest Hasi onahabana oke, mata.
"I'm going to take a little rest."
Reference
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Comment JED 80.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Makonde
Lexeme ku-pumula
Meaning 1 to breathe
Direction
Meaning 2 to take a rest
Reference François 2008 182
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme imi’iyo
Meaning 1 to breathe
Direction
Meaning 2 to take a rest
Reference François 2008 183
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mwotlap
Lexeme mōkheg
Meaning 1 to breathe
Direction
Meaning 2 to take a rest
Reference François 2008 183
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kumak
Lexeme horêân
Meaning 1 to breathe
Direction
Meaning 2 to take a rest
Reference François 2008 183
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Comment