Shift #2134

to break (tr.) — to infringe

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme break
Meaning 1 to break (into pieces) He fell through the windows, breaking the glass
"He fell through the windows, breaking the glass"
Direction
Meaning 2 to break (law etc.) We didn't know we were breaking the law.
"We didn't know we were breaking the law."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also the Germ. brechen: die Ehe brechen 'to cheat on husband/wife'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme quebrar
Meaning 1 to break
Direction
Meaning 2 to break (silence, law)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Narumov 1995: 632
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme rompere
Meaning 1 to break
Direction
Meaning 2 to break 1 rompere la tregua
"1 to break cease-fire 2 to break silence"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme mvunjo
Meaning 1 desturction
Direction
Meaning 2 breach mvunjo wa sheria
"wringdoing"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also mvunja the one who breaks (ruins, destroys); mvunja mawe stonemason; mvunja sheria law breaker Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Osetin
Lexeme sæddyn
Meaning 1 to break
Direction
Meaning 2 to break ma basædd dæ ard
"do not break your oath"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Абаев 3, 53-54
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 rušit'
Lexeme 2 narušit'
Meaning 1 to smash down, to destroy Стена рушится на глазах.
"The wall is breaking down in front of our eyes."
Direction
Meaning 2 to break нарушать правила
"to break rules"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme brjóta
Meaning 1 to break, to destroy Bátinn braut í spón á skerin
"The boat was broken to pieces"
Direction
Meaning 2 to break (a law etc.) þeir hafa brotið lög
"they have broken the law"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment Берков
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme θρύπτω
Meaning 1 to smash, to break, to grind
Direction
Meaning 2 to break (tradition etc.)
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme bryte
Meaning 1 to break (tr.) bryte beinet
"to break one’s leg"
Direction
Meaning 2 to infringe bryte lovene, reglene
"to break the laws, the rules"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme bryde
Meaning 1 to break (tr.)
Direction
Meaning 2 to infringe bryde loven; bryde reglerne
"to break the law; to break the rules"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme bryta
Meaning 1 to break (tr.) bryta benet
"to break one’s leg"
Direction
Meaning 2 to infringe bryta ett kontrakt; bryta ett avtal
"to break a contract; to break a contract"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme brjóta
Meaning 1 to break (tr.) hann missti bollann og braut hann
"he dropped the cup and broke it"
Direction
Meaning 2 to infringe þeir hafa brotið lög
"they broke the law"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment