Shift #242

to grasp, seize → to understand

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Korean
Lexeme phaak
Meaning 1 grasping, seizing, grabbing
Direction
Meaning 2 understanding
Reference Haser 2000 179
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kilivila
Lexeme -sau-
Meaning 1 pick
Direction
Meaning 2 know, undersand, learn
Reference Haser 2000 179
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Erzya
Lexeme каподемс
Meaning 1 to grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭрзРС 233
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme ɓamba
Meaning 1 catch, grip, hold, grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 grasp with the intellect, understand
Reference Haser 2000 180
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sumerian
Lexeme dab
Meaning 1 grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 understand, learn
Reference Haser 2000 179
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme aaci
Meaning 1 reach, touch, hold
Direction
Meaning 2 come to know something completely
Reference Haser 2000 180
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Syriac
Lexeme ʕrā, ʕrī
Meaning 1 to seize, take, comprehend ʕraw purqəsā(ʔ) ‘they took (occupied) the tower’, pugdā d-killā ʕāre (h)wā ‘he holds th bridles of everything’
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand, comprehend lā ʕrā dnešmaʕ ‘he could not understand upon hearing’
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Sokoloff 2009:1138
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme felfog
Meaning 1 gather, hold up (one`s skirt), grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 comprehend
Reference
Related Languages
Comment fel 'up', fog 'hold, seize, grasp'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme afferare
Meaning 1 to grasp afferrare per il collo
"to grasp smn by the scruff"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand afferrare il senso di una frase
"to understand the meaning of a phrase"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme grasp
Meaning 1 to grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand I grasped the main points of the speech.
Reference Sweetser 1990 28
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 Italian
Lexeme 1 capere
Lexeme 2 capire
Meaning 1 to catch
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Prati 219-220
Related Languages
Comment Glare 269-271
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language Russian
Lexeme ponjat'
Meaning 1 to take, to grasp, to capture, to catch [Даль 1994-3: 743]
Direction
Meaning 2 to grasp [Даль 1994-3: 743]
Reference [Даль 1994-3: 743]
Related Languages
Comment Vanhove 2008: 364
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old East Slavic
Lexeme поѩти
Meaning 1 to take, to catch, to seize [Срезневский 1989: 1340-1342]
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand, to grasp [Срезневский 1989: 1340-1342]
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Old East Slavic
Language 2 Russian
Lexeme 1 уловити
Lexeme 2 ulovit'
Meaning 1 to catch [Срезневский 1989: 1179]
Direction
Meaning 2 to capture
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme shvatyvat'
Meaning 1 to grasp, to seize
Direction
Meaning 2 to grasp Он все хорошо схватывает (= понимает).
"He grasps everything very well."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Meaning B is realized in imperfective only and denotes a property. The word схватывать seems to have recently lost the meaning A.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme hvatati
Meaning 1 to grasp, to seize, to catch [Толстой 2001: 649] хватати за руке
"to seize one's hands"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand хватам шта хоћеш да ми кажеш
"I see what you are trying to say to me"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Russian
Language 2 Czech
Lexeme 1 hapat'
Lexeme 2 chápati
Meaning 1 to grasp, seize
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme catch
Meaning 1 to grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand I don't quite catch the idea.
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme prendere
Meaning 1 to take prendere un bambino in braccio
"to take a child in one's arms"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand prendere alla lettera
"to understand literally"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme saisir
Meaning 1 to grasp saisir un revolver
"to grasp a revolver"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand ne pas être capable de saisir certaines analogies
"to be unable to grasp certain analogies"
Reference Vanhove 2008 365
Related Languages
Comment Sweetser 2000: 28
Realization
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 greifen
Lexeme 2 begreifen
Meaning 1 to grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Vanhove 2008 363
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme fati
Meaning 1 to grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme ařnel
Meaning 1 to take
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand (word, expression)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 74-75
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme фатямс
Meaning 1 to grasp Цёрась фатязе кядьта стирнять
"the boy seized the girl by the hand"
Direction
Meaning 2 to guess Маринкась фатясь сяда инголи
"Marinka had guessed before"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment МокшРС 797-798
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme get
Meaning 1 to get
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand He didn't get the point of the joke.
"Он не понял шутки."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ###Глагол уловить в архаичном …
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme καταλαμβάνω
Meaning 1 to grasp, to embrace
Direction
Meaning 2 to grasp, to perceive
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 897; Sweetser 1990: 28
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 French
Lexeme 1 comprehendere
Lexeme 2 comprendre
Meaning 1 to grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Glare 381)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme кап-
Meaning 1 to grasp, to take кабат колундан
"he takes him by the hand"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 290.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme adzin-pa
Meaning 1 to grasp, to catch, to hold
Direction
Meaning 2 to picture, to grasp
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VIII, 26.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme 1 gdzung-adzin
Lexeme 2 gdzung-adzin-pa
Meaning 1 grasping, the grasped
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand, to grasp
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VIII, 183.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme kol
Meaning 1 seize, receive, contain
Direction
Meaning 2 think, regard
Reference
Related Languages
Comment koluttu 'cause to hold', 'explain'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Djabugay
Lexeme 1 duga-l
Lexeme 2 dugayi-y
Meaning 1 fetch, grab
Direction
Meaning 2 comprehend
Reference Haser 2000 179-180
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme tsukamu (掴む)
Meaning 1 to grasp, to catch, to hold (in hand)
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand, to grasp
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЯРИРЯС 269.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Hebrew
Lexeme tafas
Meaning 1 grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 understand
Reference Haser 2000 179
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sogdian
Lexeme γrβ-
Meaning 1 to take, to seize
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭСИЯ 3, 276
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme menangkap
Meaning 1 grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 understand
Reference Haser 2000 179
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme ḥazä
Meaning 1 to hold, seize, grasp, grab ḥazzo 'grab him! Seize him!'
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand, catch on to, realize zəbəllo zällok̲u təḥəzzodo 'do you understand what I'm saying'
Reference KT 264
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme shika
Meaning 1 to grasp mshika mawili moja humponyoka
"who starts doing two things at the same time, misses one fo them"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Polikanov
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ἐφάπτω
Meaning 1 to touch, to grasp, to seize ξίφους ἐ.
"to seize one's sword"
Direction
Meaning 2 to reach with the mind, to attain to
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 741 The first meanin 'to tie, to bind. to fasten'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme kavra-
Meaning 1 seize, grasp
Direction
Meaning 2 understand, comprehend
Reference Haser 2000 179
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme fatte
Meaning 1 to grasp, seize
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand jeg fatter ikke hvordan du kunne gjøre det
"I do not understand how you could do it"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme fatte
Meaning 1 to grasp, seize
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand fatte meningen
"to understand the meaning"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme fatta
Meaning 1 to grasp, seize hon fattade pennan och började skriva
"he grasped the pen and began to write"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand en djupsinnighet som ingen fattade
"a deep thought that no-one understood"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Wolof
Lexeme 1 jél
Lexeme 2 jél-i
Meaning 1 to take an object
Direction
Meaning 2 to guess sb's thought, twig, understand
Reference Vanhove 2008 363
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 fassen
Lexeme 2 erfassen
Meaning 1 to take
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Vanhove 2008 363
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mwotlap
Lexeme lep
Meaning 1 to take
Direction
Meaning 2 to get through the intellect, manage to understand (problem, explanations)
Reference Vanhove 2008 364
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Djinang
Lexeme marki
Meaning 1 to get, pick up, obtain
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 568
Related Languages
Comment