Shift #384

to see/to look at → to care for, look after

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Marshallese
Lexeme lale
Meaning 1 see, look
Direction
Meaning 2 perserve, look after
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme ltos-pa
Meaning 1 to look, to watch
Direction
Meaning 2 to take care
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих 3, 393.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme nhìn
Meaning 1 see
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme beka
Meaning 1 look
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of, look after, watch, supervise
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme ʔattaḳbala
Meaning 1 to look wa-ʔəb la-ʔənkərā la-gəbuḥ waʕagā ʔət lattaḳbəllo ʔəgəl la-́ṣəgādu ḥagḥaga
"'and he scrubbed his neck with its blunt side, while the monkey was watching him' (PPEA I:13, line 20)"
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after smth məndi ləddarre dib šābrā; ʔadugātu lattaḳbəl
"'when he descends to Shabra, he watches his donkeys' (PPEA III:526, L. 714, line 15)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LH 248.Presumably the shift is from 'to shepherd' to 'to watch'. Formally the verb is causative from one of the following verbs: ḳabbala 'accept', ̣ʔaḳbala 'retrun' ḳābala 'go to the other side'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Egyptian
Lexeme nw
Meaning 1 see, look
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of, look after
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 177
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme īxōtiā
Meaning 1 keep watch
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of something, look after something, keep watch
Reference
Related Languages
Comment īx-tli 'face, surface, eye'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Swahili
Lexeme 1 angalia
Lexeme 2 mwangalizi
Meaning 1 look at, be careful
Direction
Meaning 2 a careful, observant person, caretaker, guardian
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kurux
Lexeme ērnā (īryas)
Meaning 1 look, see
Direction
Meaning 2 look after
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 177
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 see
Lexeme 2 see (to smth.)
Meaning 1 to see cats see well at night
"cats see well at night"
Direction
Meaning 2 to watch, to look after to see to the children
"to see to the children"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The change in subcategorization frame.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 smotret'
Lexeme 2 smotret' (za kem-l.)
Meaning 1 to see, to watch смотреть на звезды
"to watch stars"
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after смотреть за больным
"to look after a patient"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The change in subcategorization frame.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme libgub
Meaning 1 to look
Direction
Meaning 2 to look, to watch бицIидариз лигуб
"to look after the children"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (TabRus 217)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ḥawwaṣa
Meaning 1 to look on, peep, observe wa-təḫewwəṣ ʔəḫtu ʔəmrəḥuḳ kama tāʔmər mənt təbaṣṣəḥo (Ex. 2:4) 'and his sister watches him from far away in order to know what happens to him'
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after, take care of, be solicitous wa-hallo 1 radʔ... za-yəḥewwəṣā wa-yətʔallakā (Walatta Petros 38)
"and there was assistant who looked after her and served her"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LGz. 250)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme көр-
Meaning 1 to look; to see
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for мал көөр
"to look after the cattle"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Yak. Көр-.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme amāru
Meaning 1 to see, to look suʯrum... kidam la imaru kunkamma idnaum
"the servant must not see the necklace, give it to him in a package"
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after, to take care of 1)ina kapriu libma bssu u eqelu limur
"1)'let him stay in his village and look after his home and his field 2)'you did not look after the flock, you are careless'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (CAD AII 5)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 look
Lexeme 2 look after
Meaning 1 to look
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme бакъ-
Meaning 1 to look анасына бакъ та, къызыны ал
"look at the mother and ask the daughter in marriage (saying)"
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for бакъсан-багъ, бакъмасанъ-дагъ
"If you take care of it, it will turn into a garden, if you don't, it will turn into a wood (saying)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 99. The sam in Gagauz (ГРМС 69), Turk. ТуРС 92.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Sumerian
Lexeme 1 igi-du + ni
Lexeme 2 igi-du-nà-a
Meaning 1 look at something, see
Direction
Meaning 2 someone who looks after someone/something
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also igi-ĝál 'look at; keep watch'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Hausa
Lexeme 1 dība
Lexeme 2 bedauye dibi
Meaning 1 look at, look for
Direction
Meaning 2 guard, watch, keep safe
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000. 178
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Malagasy
Lexeme 1 miandrànda
Lexeme 2 miàndary
Meaning 1 hope for, look up
Direction
Meaning 2 expect, take care of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kwamera
Lexeme -ata amasan
Meaning 1 see good
Direction
Meaning 2 protect, look after
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gude
Lexeme nəngə
Meaning 1 watch
Direction
Meaning 2 look after, take care of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 177
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Hungarian
Lexeme 1 néz
Lexeme 2 utána nez
Meaning 1 look at, look for, consider
Direction
Meaning 2 look after
Reference
Related Languages
Comment utána 'after'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme hara-
Meaning 1 look (at)
Direction
Meaning 2 guard, supervise, look after someone
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme katsoa
Meaning 1 look at
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of, look after
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 177
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme mə:l
Meaning 1 see
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme bak-
Meaning 1 look
Direction
Meaning 2 care of, look after, tend
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Yir Yoront
Lexeme 1 karr
Lexeme 2 mon=karr
Meaning 1 see
Direction
Meaning 2 accompany and look after, take care of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Manchu
Lexeme tuwa-
Meaning 1 look
Direction
Meaning 2 oversee
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 178
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Gaagudju
Lexeme 1 goro-garra
Lexeme 2 goro-garra-garra
Meaning 1 to see
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 574
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Kunwinjku
Lexeme 1 nan
Lexeme 2 nahnan
Meaning 1 to see
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after, watch over, care for, look out for
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 574
Related Languages
Comment