Shift #

Number of realizations

29

father

<term of address to a man>

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme appā
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 <term of address to a elder man or a man of lower social status>
Reference Tamil lexicon
Related Languages
Comment The word is used as term of address 1) in direct sense, to an elder man; 2) in metaphorical sense, to a person "lower in social status or younger".
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Brahui
Lexeme abā
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to an elder man
Reference Bray_Brahui dictionary
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme отец, otec
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 <term of address to a man> И дашь ты нам, отец, к водке ветчины вестфальской и луку испанского
"And you give us, father, Westphalian ham and Spanish onion [for a snack] to vodka.Maxim Gorky, The Life of Klim Samgin "
Reference Efremova 2000
Related Languages
Comment Used as a familiar appeal to an elderly man. BAS 8, 1364-1366
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yaqui (Hiaki)
Lexeme hapchi
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 title of respect used by a woman to a man
Reference Dictionary Yaqui 40
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme fù (父)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 <term of address to a man>
Reference BKRS
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme πατήρ
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 respectful mode of addressing persons older than oneself ξεῖνε πάτερ!
"venerable wanderer!"
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme tată
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address for a child (or a young person) to mark a relationship of familiarity and sympathy
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme tată
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a (older) man in respect or affection
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme baba
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 a form of respectful address to elders by age, position, rank, etc.
Reference Polikanov
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme u-baba
Meaning 1 (my, our) father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a respected elder man
Reference Bryant 1905 13
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bube
Lexeme böiè
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Bolekia 2009 120
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Dan
Lexeme
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address used for men of the parent's generation
Reference Vydrine, Kességbeu 2008 120
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme baba
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a elder man
Reference Ol'derogge ed. 1963 27
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkmen
Lexeme ата (ata)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 <term of address to a man>
Reference ESTJA 1, 200-201
Related Languages
Comment Also Uzbek, Turkish (dialct. ede), Kumyk.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Kazakh
Lexeme 1 ата (ata)
Lexeme 2 атай (ataj)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Bektaev 1995 60-61
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kichwa
Lexeme tayta
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Chimbo Aguinda et al. 2007 195
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Central Bolivian Quechua
Lexeme tayta
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Yaranga Valderrama 2003 335
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Central Bolivian Quechua
Lexeme yaya
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Yaranga Valderrama 2003 400
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme cha
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Ošanin, Vũ Đăng Ất 1961 85
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme bapak
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 sir, Mr. (also a form of address); (to men) you, your. bapak Présidén
"Mr. President"
Reference Stevens, Schmidgall-Tellings 2010 92
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tahitian
Lexeme pāpā
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Lemaître 1995 91
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme far
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Arakin 2000 1, 224-225
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Thai
Lexeme pɔ̂ɔ (พ่อ)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 endearment address of an older man to a younger man, to children
Reference Morev 1964 514
Related Languages
Comment SEAlanf Thai: title used before the first names of boys or, in certain circumstances, of men.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme aba.
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address for a man who is about the same age as one's father
Reference SEAlang Burmrse
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme tatay
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 respect form for older male relatives
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme babé
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 form of address to an older man or someone in a higher position (teacher, employer, etc.)
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme bapak
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to an older and/or higher-ranking male
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme pak
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a older or higher-status male
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Related Languages
Comment shortened form of bapak
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Azeri
Lexeme ata
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a elder man Ata, mərkəzi meydan haradır?
"Father, where is the central square?"
Reference ARL 2006 161
Related Languages
Comment