Shift #

Number of realizations

33

father

ancestor

Realization
Type Derivation
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 πᾰτήρ
Lexeme 2 πατέρες (pl.)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Latin
Lexeme 1 pater
Lexeme 2 patres
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Glare 1307
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 father
Lexeme 2 fathers
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference ODE
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Turkish
Lexeme 1 baba
Lexeme 2 babalarımız
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors (lit. our fathers)
Reference Jusipova 2005
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme baba
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Polikanov Rechenbach 1967, 19
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme uba
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 great grandfather
Reference Ol'derogge ed. 1963 367
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme амты̄л (amtӯl)
Meaning 1 fathers
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference Boldyrev 2000 1, 35
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kyrghyz
Lexeme ата (ata)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference ESTJA 1, 200-201
Related Languages
Comment Also Karaim, Karakalpak, Uyghur, Altai
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Oyrot
Lexeme ада
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Baskakov, Toščakova 1947 12
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Gagauz
Lexeme 1 ата
Lexeme 2 аталар
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference Gajdarži et al. 1973 57
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kazakh
Lexeme ата (ata)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor ата-мұра
"heratage of ancestors"
Reference Bektaev 1995 60
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karachay-Balkar
Lexeme ата
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Tenišev, Sujunčev 1985 85
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tojolabal
Lexeme tat, tatal
Meaning 1 father san jtat
"Good morning, Dad"
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor ja jnan jtatik ‘ajyi wa sna’awe’ ju’un.
"Our ancestors knew how to read and write."
Reference Lenkersdorf 2010 553
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Quechua
Lexeme tayta, tata
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference AMLQ 616, 619
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kichwa
Lexeme yaya
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Chimbo Aguinda et al. 2007 227
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Guarani
Lexeme tuva
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Jover Peralta, Osuna 1950 153
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme cha
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Ošanin, Vũ Đăng Ất 1961 85
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Irish Gaelic
Lexeme athair
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Ó Dónaill 1977
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 Vater
Lexeme 2 Väter
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Moskal'skaja (ed.) 2001
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Dutch
Lexeme 1 vader
Lexeme 2 vaderen
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference Mironov 1987 733
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Modern Greek
Lexeme 1 πατέρας
Lexeme 2 πατέρες
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference Xorikov, Malev 1993 610
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme 1 pitṛ́
Lexeme 2 pitáraḥ (pl.)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hindi
Lexeme pitri
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Beskrovnyj 1959 702
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Romani
Lexeme 1 дад
Lexeme 2 дада
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference Demeter, Demeter 1990 61
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Osetin
Lexeme 1 фыд
Lexeme 2 фыдӕлтӕ (pl.)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors мӕ фыдӕлтӕ зӕхх
"land of my ancestors"
Reference Abaev 1, 488
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Italian
Lexeme 1 padre
Lexeme 2 padri
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors seguire l'esempio dei padri
"follow the example of the fathers"
Reference Zor'ko et al. 2002 612
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Finnish
Lexeme 1 isä
Lexeme 2 isät
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Vahros, Ščerbakov 2007 157
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme padre
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference DRAE
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Portuguese
Lexeme 1 pai
Lexeme 2 pais
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference Feerštejn, Starec 2005 592
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 отец
Lexeme 2 отцы
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor Много поколений назад наши отцы заселили просторы Сибири
"Many generations ago, our fathers settled in the vastness of Siberia"
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Hungarian
Lexeme 1 atya
Lexeme 2 atyák (pl.)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors
Reference Gal’di 1987 58
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Azeri
Lexeme 1 ata
Lexeme 2 atalar
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestors atalar deyiblər
"ancestors spoke"
Reference ARL 2006 161
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme muṉṉōṉ
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference Tamil lexicon 3308
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Gaṇeśa, god, predecessor, ancestor, father, elder brother;