Shift #412

to emit smoke → to smoke

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Realization
Type Derivation
Language Welsh
Lexeme 1 myg
Lexeme 2 mygglys
Meaning 1 smoke
Direction
Meaning 2 tobacco
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Borrowing
Language 1 Arabic
Language 2 Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme 1 duhān
Lexeme 2 duhan
Meaning 1 smoke
Direction
Meaning 2 tobacco
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Borrowed via Turkish
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Amharic
Lexeme 1 č̣äsä
Lexeme 2 ač̣äsä
Meaning 1 'to fume, smolder (fire)' mədəğğa wəsṭ and nägär yəč̣ässal
"'something is fuming in the fireplace' (Leslau 1973:497)"
Meaning 2 'to smoke (a pipe or cigarette' pipa ač̣ässallähu
"'I smoke a pipe' (Leslau 1973:1196)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment K 2219
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Czech
Lexeme kouřit
Meaning 1 to smoke [Павлович 1976: 191]
Meaning 2 to smoke
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The Rus. курить has only meaning B. But there are derivatives preserving meaning A: куриться, воскуривать.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme fumer
Meaning 1 to smoke, to reek une cheminée d'usine qui fume
"a factory chimney that emits smoke"
Direction
Meaning 2 to smoke fumer la pipe
"to smoke a pipe"
Reference Larousse online
Related Languages
Comment The same Ital. fumare, Span. Fumar
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme rauchen
Meaning 1 to smoke, to reek die Lampe raucht
"the lamp is smoking"
Meaning 2 to smoke
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also: Dutch rooken, Swed. röka, Dan. Ryge.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme тютюнь
Meaning 1 smoke, vapour
Direction
Meaning 2 tobacco, cigarettes
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 571., the same in Turkish. The Rum. tutun, Ucr. тютюн 'tobacco' are from Turk.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme svæla
Meaning 1 to make suffocate with smoke, to besmoke svæla tófu úr greni
"to smoke a fox out of its hole"
Direction
Meaning 2 to smoke (colloq.)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Берков
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Nganasan
Lexeme 1 кинтəʒысы
Lexeme 2 кинтəлəбтыʔкуйси
Meaning 1 to smoke
Meaning 2 to smoke
Reference
Related Languages
Comment noun кинтə 'smoke'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme smoke
Meaning 1 to smoke
Direction
Meaning 2 to smoke
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme dymit'
Meaning 1 to smoke
Meaning 2 to smoke Вася стоял на крыльце и дымил.
"Vasia was standing on the steps and smoking."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme pušiti
Meaning 1 to smoke
Direction
Meaning 2 to smoke пуши ми се
"I want to smoke"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Толстой : 490
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Greek
Lexeme καπνίζω
Meaning 1 to smoke
Direction
Meaning 2 to smoke
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme тшынасьны
Meaning 1 to smoke некымынлаын тшынасисны бипуръяс
"in several places"
Meaning 2 to smoke аюлов тшынасисны ён табакöн
"Men were smoking strong tobacco"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 667
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme ryge
Meaning 1 to emit smoke rygende skorsten
"a fireplace emitting smoke"
Direction
Meaning 2 to smoke ryge cigaretter
"to smoke cigarettes"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment