Shift #515

head ↔ peak of mountain

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme mūrdhán
Meaning 1 the forehead , head in general , skull
Direction
Meaning 2 the highest or first part of anything , top , point , summit
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW 826, Кочергина 518
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme юр
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 mountain top гöраяслöн лымъя юръяс
"snoew clad mountain tops"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 775
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme teme
Meaning 1 top of the head
Direction
Meaning 2 top (mountain etc)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme *κράς (gen. κρᾱτός, κράᾰτος)
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 mountain top κρατὸς ἀπ᾽ Οὐλύμποιο
"top of Olympus"
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 990 only oblique case forms
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme ңойбуо
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 top, peak
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС 2042
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme орой
Meaning 1 top, crown
Direction
Meaning 2 top очуос хайа оройо
"cliff top"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЯРС 277. Borrowed from Mongol in both meanings.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme baş
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 mountain top başı dumanlı
"with a fog clad top (mountain)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme glux
Meaning 1 head
Meaning 2 mountain top, peak
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 160
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme пря
Meaning 1 head
Meaning 2 top Шобдава шуфттень прясна лешафтольхть
"In the morning tree tops were covered with frost dew"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment МокшРС 539-540
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme tolgoy
Meaning 1 hill, a rounded mountain
Direction
Meaning 2 head
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Murzaev 1974: 134)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lak
Lexeme bak'
Meaning 1 head
Meaning 2 top зунттул бакI
"mountain top"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Khajdakov 1962: 50; Murzaev 1974: 134)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Chukchee
Lexeme левыт
Meaning 1 head
Meaning 2 mountain top, headstream
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Koryak (Murzaev 1974: 130).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme raʔs-
Meaning 1 head rumiya fulān-un minhu fī r-raʔs-i ‘such a one was shot by him in the head’
Direction
Meaning 2 highest or uppermost part, top, summit kallaftuhā rūs-a ʔaʕlām-in tusāmīhā ‘I charged her with the heads of mountains which compete with her in height’
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Lane 995; Polosin 1995:179). Borrowed into Persian рас 'head; mountain head'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tajiki
Lexeme сар
Meaning 1 head
Meaning 2 top, beginning
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Murzaev 1974: 131)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme tête
Meaning 1 head lever la tête
"to raise one’s head"
Direction
Meaning 2 top tête d'une montagne
"top of a mountain"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment (Murzaev 1974: 134)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme kuk’uš
Meaning 1 top
Direction
Meaning 2 top
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 165), the first meaning is that of 'top'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme κάρᾱ
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 top, peak
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme dəmḳat
Meaning 1 crown of the head, skull fāgər ʔəntu laʔamʕitā wasuṭur ʔəntu ladəmaḳā 'whose bowels are coming out and whose skulls are split' (PPEA III:284, Lied 393:16)
Direction
Meaning 2 height nəwāy šālatayā həmal la-damḳatā 'the cattle grazed on the high places of Hemal' (PPEA III:404, Lied 552:15)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LH 515)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme q’il
Meaning 1 head
Direction
Meaning 2 top дагъдин кьил
"mountain top"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 203-204). The same in the Tabassaran КIУЛ, cf. (TabRus 214).