Shift #545

to pay — to revenge

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme cuepiltia
Meaning 1 give/pay back, pay back a loan
Direction
Meaning 2 revenge
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme balasan
Meaning 1 repayment, compensation
Direction
Meaning 2 revenge, punishment, answer
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme äджр
Meaning 1 wages, remuneration, reward
Meaning 2 punishment
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 24.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme fadaya
Meaning 1 pay back, pay a debt fədəyi ʕədāki
"'pay your debt' (4 Reg. 4:7)"
Direction
Meaning 2 repay, pay a penalty ʔəfaddəyomu kāʕbata ʕamaḍāhomu
"'I will repay them double for their sin' (Jer. 16:18)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185; LGz. 155; LLA 1378-79; cf. Tigrinya fädäyä 'to return borrowed money, repay or pay off a debt; to avenge, get revenge' (KT 2724), where meaning B is cited as primary.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 τίνω
Lexeme 2 τίσασθαί
Meaning 1 to pay
Direction
Meaning 2 to revenge τίσασθαί τινα ὑπέρ τινος
"to revenge on smb. for smth"
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 1795-1796. The second meaning is present in Middle and Passive forms. Cf. also τίσις ' vengeance, punishment', Τῑσῑφόνη «Avenger fro murder» (the elder of the three Eumenides)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 platit'
Lexeme 2 otplatit'
Meaning 1 to pay a. Платить за труд 'to pay for work'. b. Платить натурой 'to pay in kind'. c. Платить наличными 'to pay in cash'. d. Платить золотом 'to pay in gold'.
Direction
Meaning 2 to repay a. Отплатить злом за зло 'to return evil for evil'. b. Отплатить добром за добро 'to return good for good'. c. Отплатить черной неблагодарностью за заботы 'to return base ingratitude for care'.
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ###NB: У "отплатить" нет исходного значения "платы".
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme haqːi
Meaning 1 wages, remuneration, salary
Direction
Meaning 2 punishment
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 97)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 pay
Lexeme 2 pay off
Meaning 1 to pay to pay wages
"платить жалование"
Direction
Meaning 2 to revenge I'll pay him off for treating me like that.
"Я ему отомщу за то, что он со мной так обходится."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme tra
Meaning 1 give something back, pay something
Direction
Meaning 2 revenge on someone
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme enana
Meaning 1 pay back, compensate
Direction
Meaning 2 retaliate, requite
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Malayalam
Lexeme vīṭuka
Meaning 1 be paid or discharged
Direction
Meaning 2 be revenged
Reference
Related Languages
Comment vīṭṭuka 'discharge what is due, replay'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme maksaa takaisin
Meaning 1 pay back
Direction
Meaning 2 pay back (figuratively)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kilivila
Lexeme -sikweya-
Meaning 1 pay back
Direction
Meaning 2 revenge
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tulu
Lexeme būuni
Meaning 1 repay, give in return
Direction
Meaning 2 avenge
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Navajo
Lexeme 1 niná`níshdlé
Lexeme 2 bich`į` niná`níshdlé
Meaning 1 pay back (money)
Direction
Meaning 2 pay him back
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme chóu
Meaning 1 to pay
Direction
Meaning 2 to revenge
Reference
Related Languages
Comment It also has the meaning of 'reply, respond', and when used as a noun it means 'enemy' and 'enmity, malice' БКРС 13388
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme lipo
Meaning 1 payment, recompense
Direction
Meaning 2 revenge
Reference
Related Languages
Comment from lipa 'pay, repay'