Shift #548

narrow, close — difficult

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme ṣar
Meaning 1 to be tight hinnē-nā ha-mmāḳōm ʔăšer ʔănaḥnū yōšəbīm šām lə-panēkā ṣar mimmennū
"2King 6:1: 'there, the place which we live in became too narrow for us'"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be in low circumstances, worried, sad ṣar-lī məʔōd ū-pəlištīm nilḥāmīm bī
"1Sam 28:15: 'I am in great distress, and the Philistines are warring against me'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment HALAT 990. (cf. also Hbr. ṣar 'narrrow'; subst. 'distress' (HALAT 984):
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme тäнг
Meaning 1 narrow, tight
Direction
Meaning 2 tight бе тäнг амäдäн
"to reach the extreme; to be in great distress"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 219.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 tesnyj
Lexeme 2 stesnennyj
Meaning 1 tight тесный коридор
"narrow corridor"
Direction
Meaning 2 in great distress, in low circumstances Она храбро переносила все неудобства бедного, стесненного житья. (Тургенев) 'She couragesouly bore all the discomforts of poor, distressful life.' (Turgenev)
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Comment Cf. also Ushakov: ТЕСНЫЙ - meaning 5. Затруднительный, трудный, тяжелый (разг.). «Сам я стар, дела подошли тесные.» (А.Островский). Тесные обстоятельства.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme dar
Meaning 1 narrow, tight дар авун
"to make straight, narrow"
Direction
Meaning 2 tight, difficult дар авун
"to encumber (in smth), to expose to difficulties"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. ДАРВАЛ '1) cramped, overcrowded conditions, 2) material hardships, need' (LezgRus 107-108). The same in Tabassaran, cf. (TabRus 142).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme tight
Meaning 1 narrow, tight tight jeans
"обтягивающие джинсы"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard (circumstances) to be in a tight place/corner
"быть в трудном положении"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme тар
Meaning 1 narrow, tight тар сокъакъ
"narrow side street"
Direction
Meaning 2 misery, trouble, unjustice тар аларгъа болгъыйд
"Let it be hard for them"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 514.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme angustia
Meaning 1 gorge
Direction
Meaning 2 awkward situation, difficult sitation
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Бурсье 66. Ital. angoscia, Fr. Angoisse
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme кырыымчык
Meaning 1 poor кырыымчык олох
"miserable life"
Direction
Meaning 2 narrow, close кырыымчык дьиэ
"cramped room"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The dictionary claims that it is namely the meaning of "poor" is original here. ЯРС 211.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme кыараҕастык
Meaning 1 narrow, tight кыараҕастык хайаҕастаа
"to make a narrow slit"
Direction
Meaning 2 poorly кыараҕастык олор-
"to live in poverty"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЯРС 204.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme ṣäbäbä
Meaning 1 'to be narrow, tight, not to be commodious, e.g., a room or a house' səlläzərägʷädku kullu kədawəntäy ṣäbibuni
"'Since I got fat, all my clothes are [too] tight for me'"
Direction
Meaning 2 'to bring into distress, straits' lämzämän zäläḳaḥkani gänzäb kəmalsälka ʔay k̲əʔələn; bəzuḥ ṣäbibuni ʔallommo
"'I cannot return you this year the money you lent me since I am in great straits'"
Reference
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Comment (KT 2578). (cf. also ṣäbäba 'distress, straits, adversity, tribulation, anxiety, trouble, ordeal, woe' (KT 2578)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme тшыгöм
Meaning 1 narrow, tight кöмыс тшыгöм меным, юбкаыс тшыгöмджык
"these shoes are too narrow for me, the skirt is somewhat narrow"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult тшыгöм вояс, тшыгöм лои овны
"hard years, life has become hard"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 666
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme trang
Meaning 1 tight trange bukser
"tight trousers"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult trange kår
"difficult living conditions"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme trang
Meaning 1 tight
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult trange kår; trange tider
"difficult living conditions; hard times"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme trang
Meaning 1 tight skorna var för trånga
"the shoes were too tight"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult de sitter så trångt att de inte kan betala räkningarna
"they are in such a difficult situation that they cannot pay the bills"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme þröngur
Meaning 1 narrow, close þröngur gangur
"a narrow passage"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult fjárhagur fyrirtækisins er þröngur núna
"the firm is in a diffucult economic situation now"
Reference ISLEX
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Comment