Shift #563

man ↔ person

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karakhanid Uighur
Lexeme ар
Meaning 1 man
Direction
Meaning 2 person
Reference
Related Languages
Comment МК 18
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Osetin
Lexeme læg
Meaning 1 man
Direction
Meaning 2 person
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Абаев 2, 19
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kukatja
Lexeme puntu
Meaning 1 man
Meaning 2 person
Reference
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Comment In a number of Australian languages of the Western Desert there is only meaning A or only meaning B or the meanings of the chains of shifts - SKIN or BODY (Wilkins 1996: 286).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme mard
Meaning 1 man
Meaning 2 person
Reference
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Comment АрмРС 462
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme man
Meaning 1 man
Meaning 2 person
Reference
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Comment Cf. also the German Mensch 'person', Mann 'man', Swedish människa 'person', man 'man', Icelandic mann 'person, man'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme homme
Meaning 1 man homme barbu
"a bearded man"
Direction
Meaning 2 person la société des hommes
"human society"
Reference François 2008 176
Related Languages
Comment Italian uomo, Spanish hombre 'person, man'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme itim
Meaning 1 man, husband
Meaning 2 person жегьил итим
"young man"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 141-142). The same in the Tabassaran AДМИ (TabRus 50). Both stem from Arabic. Cf. the Lak АДИМАНА, presumably the same root (Khajdakov 1962: 29).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme адам
Meaning 1 person
Meaning 2 man
Reference
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Comment It should be noted that the word also means "Adam". I.e., there is the following type of semantic change here: <the patriarch's name> - <man>.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme киши
Meaning 1 person
Meaning 2 man
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 326.
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Welsh
Language 2 Old Slavonic
Lexeme 1 lud
Lexeme 2 людъ
Meaning 1 men
Direction
Meaning 2 people
Reference
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Comment Also the Ucr. dial. л'уд, Serbo-Cr. људи 'the same'. Березович 2007, 92, ЭССЯ 15, 194-195
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme φώς
Meaning 1 man
Direction
Meaning 2 person δύ οἰκτρὼ φῶτε
"two unhappy persons (Euripides, about Menelaus and Elena)"
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 1968
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme čovek
Meaning 1 man
Direction
Meaning 2 person
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The word has the meaning "husband" too
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme beye
Meaning 1 man
Direction
Meaning 2 person
Reference
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Comment Василевич 1958, 73
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme mann
Meaning 1 man hvem er den mannen?
"who is this man?"
Direction
Meaning 2 person den vanlige mann
"the average person"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme mand
Meaning 1 man ung mand
"a young man"
Direction
Meaning 2 person
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme man
Meaning 1 man en ung man
"a young man"
Direction
Meaning 2 person
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme maður
Meaning 1 man hún sá mann ganga yfir götuna
"she saw a man walking along the street"
Direction
Meaning 2 person hafa góðan mann að geyma
"to be a good person"
Reference ISLEX
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Comment