Shift #581

cold (adj.) → unpleasant

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme abʁub
Meaning 1 to cool, to chill, to freeze балин хилар аргъура
"the boy's hands are freezing"
Direction
Meaning 2 to annoy a. кIваз гъаргъур 'annoying (= cold to the heart)';
"1. опостылевший (= холодный сердцу) 2. неприятные (= холодные) слова"
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Comment (TabRus 44)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 styt'
Lexeme 2 postylyj
Meaning 1 to cool, to get cold Суп остыл.
"The soup got sold"
Direction
Meaning 2 unloved, boring a. Постылое рабство 'odious slavery'.
"; , , everything annoyed me (L. Tolstoy)"
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Comment Cf. остылый '1. cold. «С лица катится пот остылый.» Пушкин (Cold sweat is flowing down his face. Pushkin). 2. Boring. «Нам горька остылой жизни чаша.» Лермонтов (And the cup of the boring life is bitter to us. Lermontov)'.
Realization
Type Cognates
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 moroz, moroznyj
Lexeme 2 mraz', merzkij
Meaning 1 cold a. Два градуса мороза. 'It is minus two C.' b. Из теплой избы выйти на мороз. 'To go out of the warm house into the cold.'
Direction
Meaning 2 shit, nullity (person) a. Этакая мразь, а туда же лезет! 'What a crud, but wants to get there too!' b. Всякая мразь сюда суется. 'All sorts of cruds are coming here.'
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Comment Accroding to Vasmer, мороз "связано чередованием гласных с мерзкий, мёрзнуть (is related to мерзкий (disgusting), мёрзнуть (to freeze)) via vowel alternations)."
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Russian
Language 2 Slovenian
Lexeme 1 stuža
Lexeme 2 stud
Meaning 1 cold
Direction
Meaning 2 disgust
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Comment Among the Slavic cognates Vasmer cites, in particular: Bulg. студ "cold", Serbo-Cr. студ --the same, Sloven. stud "disguct", Czech., Slvk. stud "shame", Pol. ostuda "bad cold". Also студить, стужу - Ucr. студити, Bel. студзiць, Serbo-Cr. студити, студjети "to be cold", Sloven. studiti, -im "to be disgusted", чеш. studiti "остужать", слвц. studit', Pol. studzic, High Lus. studzic, Low Lus. stuzis "to cool". The Rus. 'the feeling of embarassment, repentance resulting from the awareness of having done smth obnoxious.'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme сäрд
Meaning 1 cold
Meaning 2 disgusting, boring
Reference
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Comment ПРС 453.