Shift #589

<wooden object> → fool

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme bûche
Meaning 1 log fendre des bûches
"to split wood"
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme caudex
Meaning 1 trunk (tree), stump, log
Direction
Meaning 2 fool In me quidvis harum rerum convenit / Quae sunt dicta in stultum; caudex, stripes, asinus, plumbeus (Publius Terentius Afer, Heautontimorumenos)
"All names for fools suit me: stupid, bone-head, ninny, blockhead, ass"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 287
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme Klotz
Meaning 1 block, chunk; fetters
Direction
Meaning 2 yokelish, rude person
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme tobwe
Meaning 1 bush wood
Direction
Meaning 2 fool
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme zoquete
Meaning 1 log, block
Direction
Meaning 2 boor
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Narumov 1995: 806
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme pen'
Meaning 1 stub Сесть бы на пенек, да съесть бы пирожок. (из сказки)
"I would love to sit on a stub and eat a pie. (from a fairy tale)"
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead, idiot a. Этому пню не растолкуешь. 'This blockhead will not understand.' b. Стоять пнем, дураком, ни о чем не заботясь. 'To stand like a blockhead, a fool, without caring for anything.'
Reference
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Comment (Dal')
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 block
Lexeme 2 blockhead
Meaning 1 block, chunk between the beetle and the block
"между молотом и наковальней"
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme stump
Meaning 1 stump
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead, idiot
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme souche
Meaning 1 stump
Direction
Meaning 2 fool, blockhead (colloq.)
Reference Larousse online
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme čurban
Meaning 1 stump Мартышка вздумала трудиться: нашла чурбан и ну над ним возиться! (Крылов)
"The monkey decided to labour: it found a stump and started playing with it. (Ivan Krylov)"
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead, fool Ты, Филька! ты прямой чурбан! (Грибоедов)
"You, Fil'ka! You are just a blockhead! (Griboedov)"
Reference
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Comment (Ushakov)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme k’anč’
Meaning 1 stump, block
Direction
Meaning 2 loon
Reference
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Comment (LezgRus 212)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme svoli
Meaning 1 trunk (tree)
Direction
Meaning 2 rude, yokelish
Reference
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Comment Берков
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme kisiki
Meaning 1 stump, block, log
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead (fig., colloq.)
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme butuc
Meaning 1 log, block
Direction
Meaning 2 stupid person
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DRRS 1, 296, DEX98
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme leño
Meaning 1 log, beam
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Narumov 1995: 465
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme chump
Meaning 1 block, chunk
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead, fool
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme odun
Meaning 1 wood, log
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme tondone
Meaning 1 log, chunk
Direction
Meaning 2 ninny, dupe
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme Knüppel
Meaning 1 club, thick stick
Direction
Meaning 2 blockhead, yokelish
Reference
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Comment