Shift #638

empty → in vain

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Realization
Type Derivation
Language Geez
Lexeme 1 bakk
Lexeme 2 bakk, bakka
Meaning 1 empty kʷəllu kəbabu bakk
"Hen. 73:5: 'its entire disc is empty'"
Direction
Meaning 2 vain; in vain nagara bakk
"Hen. 49:4: 'vain word'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LLA 523
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme p‘uǰ (փուջ)
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 useless p‘uǰ p‘arvac (փուջ փարված)
"usless throw (in ball games)"
Reference АрмРС
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 701
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme vanum
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Glare 2010)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme pustoj
Meaning 1 empty пустой дом
"empty house"
Direction
Meaning 2 idle a. пустой разговор 'vapid conversation'; b. пустые хлопоты 'vain pursuit'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Rusian Borrowing in Yakut бостуой 'in vain' (YaRS 76). Cf. Russian попусту, впустую 'in vain'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kurdish
Lexeme bōš
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Цаболов I, 208
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old East Slavic
Lexeme тъщий
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Pol. Czczy.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme deşert
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DEX98, DRRS 1, 677-688
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme datark (դատարկ)
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference АрмРС
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 182
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme κενός
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment (LJS 938)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme бослук
Meaning 1 emptyness
Direction
Meaning 2 futility
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also боска 'in vain'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme sbun-gder
Meaning 1 senseless, meaningless
Direction
Meaning 2 empty, hollow
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VI, 350.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udi
Lexeme amcːi
Meaning 1 empty амцIи къав
"empty vessel"
Direction
Meaning 2 senseless, absurd амцIи ехтилаьт
"meaningless talk"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also амциI-амцIи 'in vain', амц1и бесун (= to make empty) '1. to unload, to liberate (cart, home), 2. to quarrel, to argue' (Gukasjan 1974: 44).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme kuuna (空な)
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 purposeless, vane
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БЯРС 503.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme lóu
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 useless, bad
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БКРС 15357
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme кѳҥдѳй
Meaning 1 empty кѳҥдѳй туруупка
"an empty pipe"
Direction
Meaning 2 useless кѳҥдѳй ороскуот
"waste"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЯРС 178. Или это схожий переход полый - напрасный ?