Shift #7

to turn, rotate (intr.) → to become

Show map

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme umsnúa
Meaning 1 to turn
Direction
Meaning 2 to transform
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Берков
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme elqːün
Meaning 1 to spin, to swirl
Direction
Meaning 2 to turn into бугъдиз элкъуьн
"to turn inot vapour"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 393)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme pindua
Meaning 1 to turn, to topple
Direction
Meaning 2 to transform
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old English
Lexeme awendan
Meaning 1 to turn away/off, avert, remove, turn upside down
Direction
Meaning 2 turn He wæter awende to wînlîcum drence
"He turned water into winelike drink"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Bosworth, Toller 61-62
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Azeri
Lexeme dön-
Meaning 1 to turn (back), to roll over
Direction
Meaning 2 to turn into
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АзРС 81
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme verto
Meaning 1 to spin
Meaning 2 to transform
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Glare 2042-2044)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme obernut'sja
Meaning 1 to turn Я обернулся и увидел уходящий троллейбус.
"I turned back and saw a trolleybus go away."
Meaning 2 to turn into Обернулась царевна лягушкой.
"The princess turned into a frog."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also Russian вращаться, превращаться, borrowed from Church Slavonic. It is worth noting also оборотиться 'turn into', оборотень 'werewolf'.
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 French
Language 2 Portuguese
Lexeme 1 tourner
Lexeme 2 tornar-se
Meaning 1 to spin
Meaning 2 to turn into, to become
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also. Portuguese tornassol 'sunflower', apparently derived from the meaning 'turn'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme volver
Meaning 1 to turn volver la cabeza
"to turn one's head"
Meaning 2 to transform volver en burla
"to turn into a joke"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Narumov 1995: 797)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Azeri
Lexeme çevir-
Meaning 1 to turn
Direction
Meaning 2 to transform
Reference
Related Languages
Comment also çevril- 'to turn over, to turn into'
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 German
Lexeme 1 verto
Lexeme 2 werden
Meaning 1 to turn
Meaning 2 to become
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Saamic
Lexeme коаввсэ
Meaning 1 to turn (back) коаввэсьт чув гоаррэ кāсвэнѣ
"turn your face to the north"
Direction
Meaning 2 to become similar, to turn into пāррьшя коаввэсьт ажэсь коавва; акэшка коаввэсьт оадзэнѣ
"The boy started looking similar to his father, the old woman turned into a spider"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment СаамРС, 94
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Ancient Greek
Language 2 Modern Greek
Lexeme μετατρέπω
Meaning 1 to turn back μετὰ δ᾽ ἐτράπετο
"(Achilles) turned back"
Direction
Meaning 2 to transform
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment Хориков И. П., Малев М. Г. Новогреческо-русский словарь / Под ред. П. Пердикиса и Т. Папандопулоса., с. 514
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme turn
Meaning 1 to turn, rotate (intr.) turn towards me!
"повернись ко мне!"
Meaning 2 to become a. to turn sour; b. to turn traitor;
"1) ‘сделаться кислым’;"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The English word was borrowed from the Old French tourner 'spin'.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 vraščat'sja
Lexeme 2 prevratit'sja
Meaning 1 to spin, to rotate
Meaning 2 to turn into
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Uzbek
Lexeme aylan-
Meaning 1 to spin, to go round, to turn
Meaning 2 to turn into suv muzga aylandi
"the water turned into ice"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. The same in Karaim айлан- . КРПС 53
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme dařnal
Meaning 1 to turn (back)
Direction
Meaning 2 to turn into, to become
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 179
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme кайыр-
Meaning 1 to turn, to rotate
Meaning 2 to transform кÿннÿ кечеге кайырадылар
"They turned day into night"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КРПС 285.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme ilt’i(b)k’ub
Meaning 1 to spin, to roll тIириччв илтIибкIура
"the spinning top is whirling"
Direction
Meaning 2 to transform жанавриз илтIикIуб
"to turn into a wolf"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (TabRus 174)