Shift #715

big — elder

Show map

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme kabīr-
Meaning 1 big
Direction
Meaning 2 old, advanced in age wa-lil-kabīr-in rayaṯāt-un ʔarbaʕ-un ʔar-rukbatān-i wan-nasā wal-ʔaḫdaʕ-u 'and the old one has four weaknesses – in the [two] knees and in the sciatic vein and the occipital artery’ (Wagner 1958:111)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 2586
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme ʕabiy
Meaning 1 big, huge, great, large, considerable, tremendous ḥadä ʕabiy betäkrəstiyan 'a big church'
Direction
Meaning 2 elder, adult ʕabbay ḥawtäy 'elder sister';
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (KT 1876)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme grand
Meaning 1 big Ce lac est grand 'this lake is big'
Direction
Meaning 2 grown-up Tu pourras faire ce que tu veux quand tu seras grand (adulte) 'when you become grown-up, you'll be able to do anything you want'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Tuebingen team
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme gādōl
Meaning 1 big, tall wa-yyəbrāʔ ʔĕlōhīm ʔet-ha-ttannīnim ha-ggədōlīm 'and God made big snakes' (Gen 1:21)
Direction
Meaning 2 old, elder wa-yyiḳrāʔ ʔet-ʕēŝāw bənō ha-ggādōl 'and he called Esaw, his eldest son' (Gn 27:1);
"'And Laban had two daughters, and the name of the elder was Leah and the name of the younger was Rachel' (Gn 29:16)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment HALAT 170
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme rabû
Meaning 1 large 1 kirri kaspim rabīmma leḳēma 'take 1 large silver vessel' (CAD R 28)
Direction
Meaning 2 full-grown, adult; elder, eldest aplūtum ṣeḫertum u rabītum ina Sippar ul ibašši; ‘there is no right to inheritance for daughters in Sippar, be they the eldest or be they small in age’ (CAD AII 177-178);
"'eight full-grown sheep, plucked three times' (CAD R 32)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment CAD R 26-27
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme č’eχi
Meaning 1 big, large чIехи къван
"big stone"
Meaning 2 elder; adult чIехи гада
"elder son / grown up youth"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 378)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme ыджыд
Meaning 1 big, large
Direction
Meaning 2 elder ыджыд вок, ыджыд чой
"elder brother, elder sister"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 752
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme buyuk
Meaning 1 big, large
Direction
Meaning 2 elder buyuk oğul
"elder son"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТуРС 138.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme aʜaf
Meaning 1 big, large aʜa χal
"big house"
Meaning 2 elder aʜa ruš
"the elder daughter"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Sulejmanov 2003). Cf. also the Tabassaran АЬХЮ 'big, elder, grown-up' (TabRus 71).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme μέγας
Meaning 1 big, large
Direction
Meaning 2 adult
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ḳiršabb-
Meaning 1 '(a man) corpulent, or bulky, and tall'
Direction
Meaning 2 'advanced in years (a man)'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 2514; the meaning B is given as the main one
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme təlləḳ
Meaning 1 'big, great (in size, in importance); adult, grown-up, senior, older' (K 957) təlləḳ bet wəsṭ yənorallu
"'they live in a big house' (Leslau 1973:113)"
Direction
Meaning 2 'big, great (in size, in importance); adult, grown-up, senior, older' ləǧǧoččwa ahun tələlləḳočč honäwal;
"'her children are big now' (Leslau 1973:113);"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (K 957); perhaps to be compared to Gez. ləhḳa 'to grow old' (LGz. 309)