Shift #73

sweet (taste) → fresh (of water)

Show map

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme 1 dulcis
Lexeme 2 aqua dulcis
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 sweet water
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 578
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme doux
Meaning 1 sweet Le miel est doux.
"Honey is sweet."
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (of water) eau douce
"fresh water"
Reference Larousse online
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Ital. acqua dolce 'пресная вода', Rum. Apa dulce DRRS 1, 750
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme sweet
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid sweet water
"fresh water"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment It is used along with 'fresh water'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 Süß
Lexeme 2 Süßwasser
Meaning 1 sweet (taste)
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh water
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. the Swed. söt 'sweet', sötvatten 'fresh water'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old Slavonic
Lexeme сладъкъ
Meaning 1 sweet (taste)
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (of water) дьнесь моръскыѩ сланыѩ воды сладькы бываѭтъ
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Serb.-Cr. слатка вода 'fresh water' [Толстой 2001: 550].
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme édes
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid édesvíz 'пресная вода'
"édesvíz 'fresh water'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Possibly a German calque.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme γλυκύς
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid γλυκὺ ὕδωρ
"fresh water"
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 352
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkmen
Lexeme süÿji
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 fresh (water)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Written Arabic
Lexeme ḥulw-
Meaning 1 sweet (Wehr 237) ʔat-tuffāḥ-u l-ḥulw-u
"sweet apples (www-duhaa.net/212.htm (02.03.2004))"
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (water) wa-faḳadat ʔahl-u l-ḳāhirat-i l-māʔ-a l-ḥulw-a wa-štadda bi-n-nās-i l-ʕaṭš-u bi-sabab-i ḏālika
"Cairo people had no more fresh (lit. sweet) water left, and because of that their thirst got stronger (www.al-eman.com/Islamlib (02.03.2004))"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme tatlı
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 sweet water
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Gagauz татлы су 'fresh water', татлы 'sweet'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Hebrew
Lexeme מתוק
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 fresh (water) מים מתוקים
"fresh water"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Маша транслитерируй.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme makea
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Azeri
Lexeme şirin
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The word has been borrowed from Persian.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme ширин
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 fresh (water) ширин аб
"fresh water"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 13.