Shift #744

tongue (body part) → speech

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme dilà
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language, speech
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Таг 110
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme зäбан
Meaning 1 tongue
Meaning 2 language, idiom
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 414. The same in many other Iranian languages ЭСИЯ 3, 404
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Adyghe
Lexeme 1 bzegʷ
Lexeme 2 bze
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language, idiom
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АдгРС 28
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme lišānu
Meaning 1 tongue ša ibbalakkatu rittašu u lišānšu inakkisu ‘as for the person who breaks the contract, they will cut off his hand and his tongue’ (CAD L 210)
Direction
Meaning 2 language mala šunnȃ lišānu '(people) of diverse languages'
Reference
Related Languages Cognates in Arabic, Geez and other Semitic languages (cf. SED I No. 181, where both meanings are reconstructed for Proto-Semitic)
Comment (CAD L 209; AHw. 556).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme jazyk
Meaning 1 tongue показать язык
"to put out tongue"
Meaning 2 language русский язык
"the Russian language"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme lingua
Meaning 1 tongue prima linguae
"the tip of tongue [Дворецкий 453]"
Meaning 2 language (speech) Latinae linguae gnarus
"a person who knows Latin"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment cf. French etc. Glare 1032-1033
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme Zunge
Meaning 1 tongue eine belegte Zunge
"coated tongue [Нем. 993]"
Meaning 2 language (speech) die deutsche Zunge
"German language"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Meaning B is poetic. Also consider the Engl. Tongue
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Osetin
Lexeme yvzag
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Абаев 4, 279
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romani
Lexeme šib
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language
Reference
Related Languages this polysemy pattern is common for most Romani dialects
Comment Lovara Romani
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Fula
Lexeme ɗengal
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language, speech
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ФРФС 147
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme langue
Meaning 1 tongue (body part) pointe de la langue
"tip of the tongue"
Direction
Meaning 2 speech langues étrangères
"foreign languages"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme nyelv
Meaning 1 tongue (body part) nyelvét kiölteni
"to put out one's tongue"
Direction
Meaning 2 language idegen nyelvek
"foreign languages"
Reference Гальди 1974
Related Languages
Comment