Shift #752

to carry → to endure

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme krel
Meaning 1 to carry
Meaning 2 to suffer, to undergo patižǝ krel, tanǰank(h)ner krel
"to serve a prison term, to bear sufferings"
Reference
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Comment АрмРС 369
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme bear
Meaning 1 to transfer, to transport [НБАРС 205] to bear a banner
"to bear a banner [НБАРС 205]"
Meaning 2 to stand, to bear [НБАРС 183] to bear pain
"to stand pain [НБАРС 205]"
Reference
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Comment The same in Icel. Bera
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme tragen
Meaning 1 to carry [НЕМ 847] etw. Ueber den Bach tragen
"to carry smth over a stream [Нем. 847]"
Meaning 2 to stand, to bear [НЕМ 847] etw. mit Geduld tragen
"to stand smth patiently [НЕМ 847]"
Reference
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Comment Also ertragen 'to stand, to bear' [НЕМ 290]
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ṣora
Meaning 1 to carry [LGz. 567] yəʯeyyəs təsor ʯos wa-sewa (Sir. 22:15)
"you better carry sand and salt"
Meaning 2 to bear [LGz. 567] ʔi-təkəl sawirotomu la-ʔəkuyn ʔəlla yəbəlu rəʔəsomu hawryt Apoc, 2:2
"You cannto stand the wicked who say that they are apostles"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Arabic
Lexeme 1 ḥamala
Lexeme 2 ʔiḥtamala
Meaning 1 to carry (a burden) [BK I 494-495] ḥamalat ḥaml-an ḫafīf-an
"'she bore a light burden' (Lane 646)"
Meaning 2 to bear kn l yahtamilna wujd-a ḳadam-in ʔajnbiyyat-in ʕalay-h
"They could not stand the presence of a foreign foot their www.amin.org/views/hisham_carawi/2003/jul13.html (03.03.2004)"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Saamic
Lexeme кӯннѣтэ
Meaning 1 to carry, to trasnport кӯннѣтэ парна кӣд альн
"to carry a child in one's arms"
Meaning 2 to endure кӯннѣтэ грӣб ю̄лькэ альн
"to have flu and to stay on the move"
Reference
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Comment СаамРС 133
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 nesti
Lexeme 2 perenosit'
Meaning 1 to carry нести груз
"to carry a load"
Meaning 2 to bear он мужественно переносил несчастье
"He bore the misery with courage."
Reference
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Comment Cf. also сносить (оскорбление) 'to bear insults', выносить (унижения) 'to bear humiliations'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme tanel
Meaning 1 to carry
Meaning 2 to stand, to bear
Reference
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Comment АрмРС 648
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Middle Persian (Pahlavi)
Lexeme bar-
Meaning 1 to carry, to trasnport
Meaning 2 to stand, to bear
Reference
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Comment This root has similar polysemy in many Iranian languages: ЭСИЯ 2, 85 etc.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ὀχέω
Meaning 1 to carry
Meaning 2 to stand, to bear
Reference
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Comment LSJ 1280
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme beba
Meaning 1 to carry on one's back asiye nа mtoto nа abebe jiwe
"who is childless let him carry a stone on one's back (saying)"
Meaning 2 to bear, to stand
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme φέρω
Meaning 1 to carry
Direction
Meaning 2 to bear, to stand
Reference
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Comment