Shift #754

to bend, bow (intr.) → to be disposed towards

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Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 naklonjat'sja
Lexeme 2 imet' sklonnosti, naklonnosti
Meaning 1 to bend
Direction
Meaning 2 to be inclined a. Он склонен к алкоголизму. 'He is inclined to become an alcoholic';
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme māla
Meaning 1 to incline, to bend to earth (intr.) wa-l-layl-u li-l-ġarb-i ḳad mālat kawākib-u-hu 'and the stars of the night bend down to earth' (Polosin 1995:558 [Antara b. Shaddad 42:6])
Direction
Meaning 2 to be disposed towards somebody or something, to like somebody or something māla ʔilay-hi 'he loved him' (Lane 3026)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (BK II 1174; Lane 3026).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme neigen
Meaning 1 'to bend, to bow (tr.)'; sich neigen 'to bend, to bow (intr.)' Das Schiff neigte sich zur Seite 'The ship lurched to one side'
Direction
Meaning 2 to be disposed towards something, to prefer something Die politisch Konservativen neigen zum Schwarz-Weiss Denken 'The political conservatives are inclined to black-and-white thinking'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Duden 2719).The verb A is transitive (and the intransitive meaning is expressed with a reflexive sich neigen), whereas the verb B is intransitive. Cp. Neigung 'das Geneigtsein; die Vorliebe' 'inclination, preference' (Duden 2720). Probably a calque from Latin inclino (see the English example).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme incline
Meaning 1 to bend, bow (intr.) to incline the head
Direction
Meaning 2 to be disposed towards to incline to an opinion
Reference
Related Languages cp. Lat. Quocunque vestrae mentes inclinant 'to whichever side your opinions inline' (Cicero Oratio IV in Catilinam, 31-32) < inclino 'to bend, bow (tr.)' (Lewis-Short 923)
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme mayıl
Meaning 1 inclined, downward, slanting майыл казык
"a lopsided pole"
Direction
Meaning 2 inclined майылым она
"I fancy him, I love him"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ГРМС 323.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme agaddälä
Meaning 1 to incline (intr.), to lean to one side, slip down (to one side)
Direction
Meaning 2 to incline (to something), to be partial
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (K 2038).