Shift #764

bitter → sorrowful

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme uchungu
Meaning 1 bitterness, bitter taste
Direction
Meaning 2 bitterness, pain, disappointment (fig.)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also about physical pain - see 2575. Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme тäлхи
Meaning 1 bitterness
Direction
Meaning 2 grief, affliction
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 213.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme ału
Meaning 1 too bitter
Direction
Meaning 2 sad, mournful
Reference
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Comment АрмРС 17
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme amargar
Meaning 1 to taste bitter
Direction
Meaning 2 to upset
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Narumov 1995: 64
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme marir
Meaning 1 bitter marira kona mes (Jes. 24:9)
"the honey got bitter"
Direction
Meaning 2 sad la-mənt ṣarāḫka ḫabeya ṣərāḫa marira wa-bəkaya (Hen. 65:5)
"Why did you cry out to me with a sad wail and weeping?"
Reference
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Comment A common Semitic root, in nearly all Semitic languages it combines both meanings A and B
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 gor'kij
Lexeme 2 gore
Meaning 1 bitter горький перец
"bitter pepper"
Direction
Meaning 2 grief горе
"trouble, misery"
Reference
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Comment oth meanings are from "burn".
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme bitter
Meaning 1 bitter Taste proper comprehends sweet and bitter tastes
"Taste as it is contains both sweet and bitter taste"
Direction
Meaning 2 sad bitter grief; bitter tears
"bitter grief; bitter tears"
Reference
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Comment 'bitter' is a common intensificator, bitter cold.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme dařn
Meaning 1 bitter
Direction
Meaning 2 sorrowful
Reference
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Comment АрмРС 179
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Karaim
Lexeme 1 ацы
Lexeme 2 ацы-
Meaning 1 bitter ацы йемис
"horse radish (lit. Bitter vegetable)"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be upset, to grieve
Reference
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Comment КРПС 87, 89.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme mapaít
Meaning 1 bitter
Direction
Meaning 2 sorrowful
Reference
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Comment Таг 230
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme аhый-
Meaning 1 to become sour, bitter үүт аhыйбыт
"the milk got sour"
Direction
Meaning 2 to grieve, to mourn, to sorrow, to regret сүтэрбит саатын аhыйар
"He regrets the lost gun"
Reference
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Comment ЯРС 50.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme amer
Meaning 1 bitter Charles, ayant goûté son café, le trouva trop amer
"Having tasted his coffee, Charles found it too bitter"
Direction
Meaning 2 sorrowful amers regrets
"sorrowful regret"
Reference Larousse online
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme bitter
Meaning 1 bitter bitre mandler
"bitter mandels"
Direction
Meaning 2 sorrowful, disappointed bli bitter av all motgangen
"to become sorrowful because of all the misfortune"
Reference BO
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme bitter
Meaning 1 bitter bitre mandler
"bitter mandels"
Direction
Meaning 2 sorrowful, disappointed
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme bitter
Meaning 1 bitter bitter choklad
"bitter chocolate"
Direction
Meaning 2 sorrowful, angry på sin ålderdom blev han alltmer bitter och isolerad
"in his old age he was becoming more and more bitter and lonely"
Reference SAO
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme bitur
Meaning 1 bitter
Direction
Meaning 2 sad hún sagði þetta bitrum rómi
"she said it in a sad voice"
Reference ISLEX
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Comment