Shift #775

to cut (tr.) → to decide

Show map

Realization
Type Derivation
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme 1 lučiti
Lexeme 2 odlučiti
Meaning 1 separate
Direction
Meaning 2 decide
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Buck 1429
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme cezmet-
Meaning 1 to chop off, to clip
Direction
Meaning 2 to take the final decision
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТуРС 153.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme διαιρέω
Meaning 1 to cut up, to cleave
Direction
Meaning 2 to solve a problem
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 395-396
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Swahili
Lexeme 1 kata
Lexeme 2 kata shauri
Meaning 1 to cut
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide, to take decisions
Reference
Related Languages
Comment shauri 'to advice'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Chaha
Lexeme anṭä-m
Meaning 1 cut, slaughter, reap cereals, harvest grain fʷägägä-m anṭä-m 'cut off something very close (e.g. the skin from the flesh)'
Direction
Meaning 2 decide yäsäda anč̣ərä-m ‘the elders decided that the person to whom injustice was done was to receive recompense’
Reference
Related Languages The same polysemy in other Gunnän-Gurage languages (LGur. 76; 93).
Comment (LGur. I 17).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ğazama
Meaning 1 to cut, cut off ğazama min-a n-naḫlat-i ğizm-an 'he cut off a portion (of the fruit) from the palm-tree'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide, to determine ğazama l-ʔamr-a 'he decided the affaire irreversibly';
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 421
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme ḳʷärräṭä
Meaning 1 to cut, cut off (K 739) əğun ḳʷärräṭä 'to cut off one's hand/arm' (K 740)
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide, fix, deternine (on s.th.), to make a resolution guday ḳʷärräṭä 'to decide a matter' (K 740);
Reference
Related Languages
Comment K 739-740
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme gzr (qal)
Meaning 1 to cut wa-yyōmer ha-mmelek gizrū ʔet-ha-yyeled haḥay li-šənāyim 'and the king said: cut the living infant in two' (1K 3:25)
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide wə-tigzar-ʔōmer wə-yāḳām lāk 'and you will decide upon something, and it will be established for you' (Job 22:28)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment HALAT 179
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme batka
Meaning 1 to cut ʔəllā ʕə̣č̣̣č̣atki ʔəbtak ‘let me cut off this tree of yours’ (PPEA 12)
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide la-ʔaḥā ʔəgəl nosu ʔəgəl lənsəʔā batka ‘he decided to take the cow to himself’ (PPEA 28)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LH 287
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme decido
Meaning 1 to cut, to chop off decido caput
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 490
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme jué
Meaning 1 cut
Direction
Meaning 2 decide
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Deutscher 2005
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme gcod-pa
Meaning 1 to cut (off) kham-tshad-do gcod-pa
"to cut into pieces"
Direction
Meaning 2 to solve (question) dogs gcod-pa
"to settle (to remove) doubts"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих 3, 33.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Basque
Lexeme 1 ebaki
Lexeme 2 erabaki
Meaning 1 cut
Direction
Meaning 2 make someone cut; decide
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Deutscher 2005
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Endo
Lexeme til
Meaning 1 cut
Direction
Meaning 2 decide
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Deutscher 2005
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Akkadian
Lexeme 1 purrrusu
Lexeme 2 parāsu
Meaning 1 to chop off, dismember ina sikkatim ullâninnima mešrêtija purisa 'hang me on a peg, dismember me (chop off my limbs)…
Direction
Meaning 2 to render a verdict, to make a decision mimma ša šarru ṣebû liprus 'the king should decide whatever he wishes';
Reference
Related Languages
Comment CAD P 171-172, 175. The meaning A belongs to the derived verb, and the meaning B is present in the non-derived verb. However, the verb parāsu has some other meanings like to stop, to block which are presumably also derived from 'to cut'. The cognates elsewhere in Semitic have the meanings 'to break', 'to rent with teeth, to cut'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme batta
Meaning 1 to cut batattu l-ḥabl-a 'I cut the rope'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide batta ʕalayhi l-ḳaḍāʔ-a 'he decided the judgement against him';
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 147; LA II, 6
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Geez
Lexeme 1 matara
Lexeme 2 mətur
Meaning 1 to cut, amputate ʔəmattər rəʔsaka ʔəmənneka ‘I’ll chop off your head’ (1 Reg. 17:46)
Direction
Meaning 2 decided, decided upon, definite məturnu zənagar 'is this thing decided?'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LLA 184-185); mətur also means 'cut-off': mətura ʔəzn 'with cut-off ear'
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old English
Language 2 Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 sceran
Lexeme 2 κρίνω
Meaning 1 cut off, shear
Direction
Meaning 2 to take a decision
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also the meaning of 'to divide' in the verb κρίνω LSJ 996