Shift #796

to carry → pregnant

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Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Old High German
Language 2 Dutch
Lexeme 1 tragan
Lexeme 2 drachling
Meaning 1 to carry
Direction
Meaning 2 pregnant
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Buck 284
Realization
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 tragen
Lexeme 2 trächtig
Meaning 1 to carry den Sack auf dem Rücken tragen
"to carry a sack on one's back"
Direction
Meaning 2 pregnant (animal) die Katze ist schon wieder trächtig
"the cat is pregnant again"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Duden 3937, 3939; Kluge 923
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme nosit'
Meaning 1 to carry Рабочие носили цемент
Direction
Meaning 2 to bear (a child) "Родить ничего, но носить - вот что мучительно, - подумала она, представив себе свою последнюю беременность." Лев Толстой. Анна Каренина.
""Giving birth is nothing, but carrying a child in the womb is a torture", - she thought imagining her last pregnancy"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also вынашивать (ребенка) 'to bear a child', доносить/недоносить (ребенка) 'to give birth in time/to give birth prematurely', на сносях 'big with child', понести 'забеременеть' (to get pregnant).
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Lithuanian
Lexeme 1 nešti
Lexeme 2 neščia
Meaning 1 carry
Direction
Meaning 2 pregnant
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Buck 284
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Arabic
Lexeme 1 ḥamala
Lexeme 2 ḥamalat
Meaning 1 to carry ḥamalat ḥaml-an ḫafīf-an
"'she bore a light burden'"
Direction
Meaning 2 to become pregnant ḥamalat walad-a-hā
"'she became with her child'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 647, 649
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme 1 hamel
Lexeme 2 hamele
Meaning 1 carrying, transporting
Direction
Meaning 2 pregnant
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 279. Possibly a borrowing from Arabic (cf. The example above).
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Breton
Lexeme 1 dougen
Lexeme 2 dougarez
Meaning 1 bear
Direction
Meaning 2 pregnant
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Buck 284.dougarez - fem. from douger 'bearer'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 φέρω
Lexeme 2 φορτίον
Meaning 1 to carry
Direction
Meaning 2 fruit of the womb (lit. burden)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karakhanid Uighur
Lexeme кутур-
Meaning 1 to carry
Direction
Meaning 2 to get pregnant
Reference
Related Languages
Comment МК 3371