Shift #8

to know → to know how, to be able

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mehri
Lexeme ġərōb
Meaning 1 to know ġarbēhəm ġɛrbíyəhəm ḏə-hēm xəṣámha ‘he knew they were his enemies’
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how (to do st.) əl əġōrəb l-əġətáyr ārəbáyt ə̌lá ‘I wasn’t able to speak Arabic’
Reference
Related Languages Same polysemy in Harsusi (JH 45) and Jibbali (JJ 88)
Comment (JM 140)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme jua
Meaning 1 to know namjua mtu huyu
"I know this person"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be able of jua kusoma; jua kuogelea
"to be able to read"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme дан-
Meaning 1 to know, to be informed
Meaning 2 to be able
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 335. Или это другой переход?
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Czech
Lexeme umĕt
Meaning 1 to know [Павлович 1976] umĕt česky
"to speak Czech"
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same polysemy in Pol. umieć, cf. umieć na pamięć 'to know by heart'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme savoir
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of Je sais nager
"I can swim"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also Sp. saber, Ital. sapere (sapere leggere e scrivere 'to be able to read and to write')
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme бил-
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of номчуп билир
"to be able to read"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also Azer. bilmәk 'to know, to be able'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme znae
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment [Толовски, Иллич-Свитыч 1963: 164]
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme 1 ʜaa
Lexeme 2 aʜaa
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference The same type of polysemy in Tsakhur. =aX:\a.
Related Languages
Comment The same type of polysemy in Tsakhur. =aX:\a.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bagvalal
Lexeme b=ija
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme οἶδα
Meaning 1 to know, be acquainted with [+accusative = something]
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how to [+infinitive = do something]
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 483
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme awwäḳä
Meaning 1 to know, be familiar with, be acquainted with, to know how to; to learn, acquire knowledge, become knowledgeable bämulu yawḳut näbbär 'he used to know all about him'
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how to yäsäw muya sost aynät näw. andäññaw massäbən mawäḳ hulättäññaw männaggärən mawäḳ sostäññaw mäsratən mawäḳ 'the man's art is of three kinds: the first one is to be able to think, the second one is to be able to speak, the third one is to be able to do'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (K 1269; Tarikənna məssale 5).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme kunne
Meaning 1 to know kunne veien
"to know the way"
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how, to be able kunne sykle
"to be able to ride a bicycle"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme kunna
Meaning 1 to have knowledge about han kan alla Europas huvudstäder
"he knows all the European capitals"
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how, to be able hon kan spela piano
"she can play the piano"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme kunna
Meaning 1 to know ég kunni þetta kvæði einu sinni utanað
"once i knew this poem by heart"
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how, to be able hún kann svolítið á fiðlu
"she can play the violin a little"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment