Shift #807

rough, uneven → rude, impolite

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ḫašin-, ʔaḫšan-
Meaning 1 'rough, harsh, coarse' ʔarḍ-un ḫašnat-un
"'rough, or rugged, ground or land'"
Direction
Meaning 2 'unpleasant, difficult to cope with' huwa ḫašin-u l-ğānib-i
"'he is difficult, refractory, or stubborn; not to be coped with'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 745. It has been borrowed in Pers. хäшäн 'rough, hard (to touch); rude, severe (person)' ПРС 312.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme rough
Meaning 1 uneven, rought rough surface
"rough surface"
Direction
Meaning 2 rude, unpleasant, inconsiderate rough manners
"rough manners"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment OERD 1256
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme grubyj
Meaning 1 coarse, rough грубая ткань
"coarse fabric"
Direction
Meaning 2 rude грубое обращение
"rude treatment"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme көhүү
Meaning 1 hard, rough көhүүн таҥас
"gunny, burlap"
Direction
Meaning 2 unsociable көhүүн киhи
"bad mixer"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЯРС 182.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme grov
Meaning 1 rough, uneven grov hud
"rough skin"
Direction
Meaning 2 rude, impolite være grov i munnen
"to use bad language"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme grov
Meaning 1 rough, uneven
Direction
Meaning 2 disrespectful grove ord
"rude words"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme grov
Meaning 1 rough, uneven en grov handduk
"a rough towel"
Direction
Meaning 2 ill-mannered han är grov i munnen
"he uses bad language"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme grófur
Meaning 1 rough, uneven
Direction
Meaning 2 rude, impolite hann er oft grófur í tali
"he often uses bad language"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme rude
Meaning 1 rough, uneven des mains à la peau rude
"hands with rough skin"
Direction
Meaning 2 rude, impolite des hommes aux manières rudes
"men with bad manners"
Reference Larousse online
Related Languages
Comment