Shift #838

hump (of a person or camel) — hill

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Slovak
Lexeme hrb
Meaning 1 hump
Direction
Meaning 2 hill, hillock, knoll, mound
Reference SSJ I, 520
Related Languages ESSJa 7, 199-200, Vasmer (Fasmer) 1, 439, Anikin RES 11, 228-231. The polysemy took place already in Proto-Slavic *gъrbъ: Bulgarian гръб 'back (anatomy)', гърба 'hump', Serbo-Croatian грб 'back (anatomy)', 'hillock, knoll, mound', грба 'hump', Slovene grb, grba 'hump', 'back (anatomy)', 'wrinkle', Old Czech chrb 'hill, hillock, knoll, mound', Czech hrb 'hump', 'hillock, knoll, mound', Upper Sorbian horb 'hump', Lower Sorbian gjarb 'hump', Polish garb 'hump', Old East Slavonic, Church Slavonic гърбъ, гръбъ, горбъ 'back (anatomy), spine' (Sreznevskij I, 613), Russian горб 'hump', Russian dialectal горб 'hill', Old Ukrainian горбъ 'hill', Ukrainian горб 'hump', 'hillock, knoll, mound' (Grinčenko I, 310), Ukrainian dialectal горб 'hillock, hill', Byelorussian горб 'hump'. Often used as toponym (Russian Горб etc. Murzaev 1984)
Comment Also Slovak hrba ' heap, pile'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Hebrew
Lexeme tisosbal (?)
Meaning 1 mountain
Meaning 2 hill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old East Slavic
Language 2 Old Prussian
Lexeme 1 гърбъ (gŭrbŭ)
Lexeme 2 garbis
Meaning 1 hump
Direction
Meaning 2 mountain
Reference Toporov Prussian 2, 158
Related Languages
Comment Also Prussian toponyms Lulegarbis, Mantegarbs, Ladegarbe Anikin RES 11, 229
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bashkir
Lexeme үркәс (ürkäs)
Meaning 1 hump (of animal)
Direction
Meaning 2 two elevations on a mountain ridge
Reference Axmerov K. et al. 1958
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme joroba
Meaning 1 hump
Direction
Meaning 2 hillock, knoll, mound (colloq.)
Reference Narumov 1995 450
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme Buckel
Meaning 1 hump
Direction
Meaning 2 hillock, knoll, mound, bump
Reference BNRSOL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme bosse
Meaning 1 hump les bosses d'un chameau
"camel humps"
Direction
Meaning 2 hillock, bump une petite bosse de terre fraîche
"a small earth hummock"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme gheb
Meaning 1 hump
Direction
Meaning 2 hill
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DRRS 1, 919, DEX98
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme hump
Meaning 1 a rounded protuberance found on the back of a camel or other animal or as an abnormality on the back of a person
Direction
Meaning 2 a rounded raised mass of earth or land
Reference ODE
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme gobba
Meaning 1 hump (of a person or camel)
Direction
Meaning 2 hillock, knoll, mound, bump
Reference Zor'ko et al. 2002
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme hörgüç
Meaning 1 hump (of camel)
Direction
Meaning 2 hummock, hillock, knoll
Reference Jusipova 2005
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Dutch
Lexeme bult
Meaning 1 hump (of a person)
Direction
Meaning 2 hummock
Reference Mironov 1987 144
Related Languages
Comment