Shift #845

to be at war → to swear, curse, abuse one another

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme vita
Meaning 1 war vita [vi]kuu [v]ya pili [v]ya dunia
"The Second World war"
Meaning 2 argument, dispute
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme däwi
Meaning 1 war дявдин йисар
"the war years"
Meaning 2 quarrel узухъди фу дяви вуяв?
"Why are you scolding with me?"
Reference
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Comment (TabRus 154). The same polysemy exists in a number of Daghestanian languages with the same word.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ἔρις
Meaning 1 fight, battle
Meaning 2 quarrel, argument,
Reference
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Comment LSJ 689
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme δηριάω
Meaning 1 to fight
Meaning 2 to argue, to bicker
Reference
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Comment Only in Medial Voice
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme πολεμέω
Meaning 1 to be in war
Meaning 2 to argue, to quarrel
Reference
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Comment LSJ 1432
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language Russian
Lexeme bran'
Meaning 1 fight
Meaning 2 abuse, obscene language
Reference
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Comment to be more precise, they are homonyms that emerged after the polysemy dissociation.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 oboronjat'sja
Lexeme 2 branit'sja
Meaning 1 to defend
Meaning 2 to quarrel
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Avestan
Lexeme rəˉna-
Meaning 1 argument
Meaning 2 battle
Reference
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Comment ЭСИЯ 2, 195
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme μάρναμαι
Meaning 1 to fight
Meaning 2 to argue, to quarrel
Reference
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Comment LSJ 1081
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme μάχομαι
Meaning 1 to be at war, to fight
Meaning 2 to argue, to quarrel
Reference
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Comment LSJ 1085-1086
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme shindana
Meaning 1 to fight
Direction
Meaning 2 to argue, to quarrel
Reference
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Comment Also in the meaning of 'compete(sport.)'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme rimma
Meaning 1 battle, fight
Meaning 2 argument
Reference
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Comment Берков. "Argument" is cited in the dictionary as the first meaning.