Shift #849

heavy (of weight) → important

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme omoi (重い)
Meaning 1 heavy 手伝いましょう。あなたの鞄とても重そうです
"Let me help you. Your bag looks very heavy."
Direction
Meaning 2 serious, important 重い地位にいる
"to hold a position of responsibility"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment EDICT. ЯРИРЯС 68.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme сеѓл
Meaning 1 heaviness, weight
Direction
Meaning 2 importance
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 233.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme käbbad
Meaning 1 heavy käbbad saṭən 'a heavy box' (Leslau 1973:572)
Direction
Meaning 2 serious, grave, impressive käbbad nägär 'a serious, an important affair' (K 1425)
Reference
Related Languages (Cf. also Tna. käbbid 'heavy, weighty, profound, ponderous, massy; serious, solemn, reserved' (KT 1635), zäräbak̲a käbid ʔəyyu 'your words are weighty' (KT 1635); Cf. also Hbr. kbd 'schwer lasten; gewichtig, geehrt sein'; kbd (nif) 'geehrt werden' (HALAT 434): Sam. II 6:22: ū-nəḳallotī ʕōd mizzōt wə-hāyītī šāpāl bə-ʕēyāy wə-ʕim-hāʔămāhōt ʔăšer ʔāmartə ʕimmām ʔikkābēdā 'and I will make myself despicable more than that and I will become worthless in my own eyes, but with the girls that you have spoken of, with them I will be respected'); Tigre kəbud 'heavy, weighty, honoured' (LH 412). In Chaha only the meaning B is preserved (axäbädä-m 'respect, celebrate, honor', LGur. I 69).'
Comment (K 1425)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme hünd
Meaning 1 heavy
Meaning 2 respected, important
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme razīn-
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 serious, important rağul-un razīn-un
"important, respected person"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (BK I 857). Borrowed in Pers. рäзин 'sound, heavy; respectable, important'. Tna. räzzin 'heavy, weighty; massy, solid, deadweight; fig. staid, serious, grave' (KT 595-596)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme βάρος
Meaning 1 heaviness, weight
Direction
Meaning 2 weight, significance, merit
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 307
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 ves
Lexeme 2 vesomyj
Meaning 1 weight
Meaning 2 ponderable
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language 1 Ukrainian
Language 2 Russian
Lexeme 1 vaha
Lexeme 2 važnyj
Meaning 1 weight, burden
Meaning 2 important
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Vasmer I: 162; ### Old Slavonic. ДГ!
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme weighty
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 weighty
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also German wichtig 'important' < Gewicht 'weight' (Kluge 986) {derivation}
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme gravis
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 important stoicus gravissimus
"the most influential stoic"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 775
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme ağır
Meaning 1 heavy ağır bir yük
"hard load"
Direction
Meaning 2 important, solemn 1) ağır sat-
"1) t give oneself airs 2) to show respect, honour"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТуРС 28.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme gurú
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 important
Reference
Related Languages
Comment also 'respected (person)', hence later meaning of 'teacher'. Кочергина 194. Cf. also gaurava 'heaviness, importance, dignity, respect'. Кочергина 198
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme bigát
Meaning 1 weight
Direction
Meaning 2 influential person
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Таг 54
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme aʁir
Meaning 1 heavy, hard, difficult
Direction
Meaning 2 important, dignified
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (TabRus 48). A Turkic loan.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme сäнгин
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 important
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 476. It has been derived from the word сäнг 'stone'.
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language Polish
Lexeme ważny
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight)
Direction
Meaning 2 important
Reference Sakhno 2009 58
Related Languages
Comment