Shift #856

moon → month

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme лá
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Novikov et al. 1976, 489
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme tsuki (月)
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 calendary month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment .
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme ḥōdeš
Meaning 1 new moon ḥōdeš māḥār 'tomorrow is the new moon' (1S 20:5)
Direction
Meaning 2 month ḥōdeš bəšānā ‘one month in the year’ (1K 4:7)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (HALOT 294). From the PS *ḥdṯ 'to be new' (> 'new moon' > 'moon' > 'month'), cf. Kogan 2010a:27.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Erzya
Lexeme ков
Meaning 1 moon ковось ещё эзь лисне ды менелесь чоподаль
"the moon had not risen yet and the sky was dark"
Direction
Meaning 2 month несэнть кемгавтово ковт
"There are twelve months in a year"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭрзРС 273
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme mwezi
Meaning 1 moon mwezi uliliwa na joka
"lunar eclipse"
Direction
Meaning 2 month kila mwezi
"every month"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme кичеʒəə
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС 821
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Jarawara
Lexeme abariko
Meaning 1 moon Abariko wene kitaka.
"The moon is shining brightly."
Direction
Meaning 2 month Abariko ohari ota nabiyaro ota amake, ota kobo towitiyabani ota sorowaha me tabori ya
"We travelled a month to arrive at the Sorowaha village"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment JED 49
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Thai
Lexeme dɯ̄an
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Morev 1964, 270
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Adyghe
Lexeme maze
Meaning 1 moon мазэр къыкъокIыгъ
"the moon rose"
Direction
Meaning 2 month январь мазэм
"in the month of January"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АдРС 200
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme waz
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same polysemy in Lezg., Tab., Rut., Tsakh., Kryz, Budukh, Archi.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme masah
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme mesjac
Meaning 1 moon, month Светит месяц, светит ясный
"The clear moon is shining"
Meaning 2 moon
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme ай
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 calendary month бир ай
"January"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also Karaim., Gagauz. ай 'moon; calendary month'. (КРПС 50, ГРМС 30)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 moon
Lexeme 2 month
Meaning 1 moon
Meaning 2 calendary month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme arḫu
Meaning 1 moon šâtu kīma arḫim annaṭālim
"'she is like the moon to look upon'"
Direction
Meaning 2 month šalšam arḫam
"'during the third month'"
Reference
Related Languages The same polisemy in the majority of reflexes of this root in Semitic languages. Cf. Fronzaroli (CLCS III) 1965, Kogan in preparation, 2.3.3.
Comment (CAD AII 259-61)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme zla-ba
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VIII, 160.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kashub
Lexeme ksąžëc
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment СД 3, 236
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme buwán
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Таг 69
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romani
Lexeme čhon
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lithuanian Romani and other varieties
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme аткиқāн
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТМС 1, 58
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme lună
Meaning 1 moon Lună a ieşit de la nori
"the moon came out from the clouds"
Direction
Meaning 2 month Anul are douăsprezece luni.
"There are twelve months in a year"
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DEX98, DER 477-478. The second meaning possibly emerged under the Slavic influence.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme σελήνη
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 moon (poet.)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme khae
Meaning 1 moon khae rɔnouk
"decrescent moon"
Direction
Meaning 2 month khae lə̣:k
"a month with an extra day, february in a leap year"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Gorgoniev 1984, 118
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme bēga
Meaning 1 moon
Direction
Meaning 2 month
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Василевич 1958, 52