Shift #878

cattle ↔ property, possessions

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Realization
Type Borrowing
Language 1 Gothic
Language 2 Old Slavonic
Lexeme 1 skatts
Lexeme 2 скотъ
Meaning 1 money
Direction
Meaning 2 cattle
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Фасмер 3, 655, Old Icel. skattr 'tax', Old Sax. skat 'coin, wealth', Germ. Schatz 'treasure' Old Slav. Сл. 607, Lehmann 309
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Welsh
Lexeme da
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 goods
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also da byw lit. 'live goods'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme ṭərit
Meaning 1 'livestock' ʔəti ṣärä zäraʔti baləʕ nəməṭfaʔ zənəṣṣäg zällo mädhanit ʔab ləʕli ṭərit mot kämzäsʕabä gäliṣu
"‘explaining that the insecticide sprayed to destroy grain-eating pests would cause livestock to die’"
Direction
Meaning 2 'riches, wealth, goods, property, possessions, estate' bəḥtawi ṭərit
"'personal, private property'"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment KT 2434
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Irish Gaelic
Lexeme airnēis
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 goods, possessions, furniture
Reference
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Comment Possible loanword cf. Middle English harneis 'equipment'
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old Norse
Language 2 Latvian
Lexeme 1 naut
Lexeme 2 nauda
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 property, money
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Got. niutan, Old Eng. Nēotan 'enjoy, make use of, obtain'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme stock
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 fund, property
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The meaning of 'cattle' has been registered since the 16th century, the word livestock since the 18th.
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Old Sweden
Language 2 Swedish
Lexeme boskap
Meaning 1 household, household goods, property
Direction
Meaning 2 cattle
Reference
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Comment From bo 'house'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme кошкул
Meaning 1 cattle
Meaning 2 possessions
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme πρόβατον
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 movables
Reference
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Comment LSJ 1471
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Latin
Lexeme 1 pecus
Lexeme 2 pecunia
Meaning 1 cattle
Meaning 2 possessions, wealth
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Glare 1317)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language 1 Turkish
Language 2 Old Turkic
Lexeme 1 dawar
Lexeme 2 тавар
Meaning 1 cattle
Meaning 2 possessions
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Pashto
Language 2 Khwaresmian
Lexeme 1 bodá
Lexeme 2 bdwn
Meaning 1 beast animals
Direction
Meaning 2 possessions
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭСИЯ 2, 135
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme nəway
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 possessions, money
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LH 335. Cf. Also the Ge'ez nəway 'possessions, homeware'. The direction is possibly B > A.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Polish
Lexeme dobytek
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 possessions
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭССЯ 5, 47,49
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme abdu, avdu
Meaning 1 cattle, herd
Direction
Meaning 2 household, possessions
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Василевич 1958, 11, 13, 14
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old Irish
Lexeme indile
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 possessions
Reference
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Comment cf. Old Bret. endlim 'possessions', Welsh Ennil, yinnill 'profit'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Welsh
Lexeme 1 gwartheg
Lexeme 2 gwerth
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 worth, value
Reference
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Comment Buck 153
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme ʔənsus
Meaning 1 'cattle, domestic animals'
Direction
Meaning 2 'property'
Reference
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Comment LH 372
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old East Slavic
Lexeme скотъ
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 possessions, money Начаша скотъ събирати отъ мужа 4 куны, а отъ старостъ по 10 гри
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Срезневский 387-388, Ларин Б. А. Лекции по истории русского литературного языка (X - XVIII в.) СПб., 2005, с. 92
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme
Meaning 1 livestock; cattle, chiefly sheep
Direction
Meaning 2 money koma heim með fullar hendur fjár
"to come home with hands full of money"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Tigrinya
Language 2 Classical Arabic
Lexeme 1 mal
Lexeme 2 māl-
Meaning 1 'herd (of livestock)' bəgulḥay məḵnəyat maläy kʷəllu ʕaribu
"'all my cattle have perished on account of an epizootic disease' (KT 1847)"
Direction
Meaning 2 possessions, money ('bien, fortune, avoir, argent, richesses') (BK II 147)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment cf. also Classical Arab.māl- 'troupeau de chameaux' (a flock of camels) (BK II 147); Tigrinya mal 'goods, property, wealth' (now obsolete) (KT 318).
Realization
Type Borrowing
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 Breton
Lexeme 1 solidus
Lexeme 2 saout
Meaning 1 golden coin; later - money, possessions
Direction
Meaning 2 cattle
Reference
Related Languages
Comment saout < solt
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Somali
Lexeme xoolo
Meaning 1 cattle
Direction
Meaning 2 property, possessions; wealth
Reference Alejnikov 2012 356
Related Languages
Comment