Shift #

Number of realizations

23

to fall down

to die, pass away

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme πέσημα
Meaning 1 fall
Direction
Meaning 2 death
Reference
Related Languages
Comment from the verb πίπτω 'to fall', cf. πέσος 'dead body'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme taoreru (倒れる)
Meaning 1 to fall その木は今にも倒れそうだった
"The tree was ready to fall down"
Direction
Meaning 2 to die 彼は舞台の上で心臓発作で倒れました
"He died of a heart attack on the stage"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme оҕут-
Meaning 1 to fall мас охтубут
"a tree felt"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be lost; to die, to kick off 1) ойуурдаах куобах охтубат
"1) a hare will not get lost in the forest (prov.) 2) dead cattle"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЯРС 266.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme saḳaṭa
Meaning 1 to fall saḳaṭa fulān-un maġšiyy-an ʕalayhi
"‘such a one fell down in a swoon’"
Direction
Meaning 2 to die saḳaṭa r-rağul-u
"‘the man died’"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 1380
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme cado
Meaning 1 to fall
Direction
Meaning 2 to perish, to die
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also Rum. A cădea DRRS 1, 363
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme ənknel
Meaning 1 to fall
Meaning 2 to be killed, to die
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 238
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme caer
Meaning 1 to fall cear del tejado
"to fell down frm the roof"
Meaning 2 to perish caer en la lucha por la libertad
"to fall in the fight for freedom"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Narumov 1995: 146-147
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 padat'
Lexeme 2 past'
Meaning 1 to fall
Meaning 2 chaps Он пал на поле брани.
"He fell in a battle. Cattle dieoff."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme wadḳa
Meaning 1 to fall [LLA 930-931] za-wadḳa diba ʔəbn
"the one who fell on the stone (Matth. 21:44)"
Direction
Meaning 2 to die [LLA 930-931] 1) wa-wadḳa ʔəm-wəsta ḥəzb yəʔəta ʔamira 300 bəʔəsi;
"1) 'and that day about three thousand of the people died' (Ex. 32:28); 2) 'They will fall from a spear' (Jes. 13:15)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same polysemy in Tigrinya:wädäḳ̌ä (KT 1787-88)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme fall
Meaning 1 to fall
Meaning 2 to die 1) And women rent their tresses for their great prince's fall.
"1) И женщины рвали на себе волосы, горюя о смерти своего великого государя (Lingvo)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same case in Icel. falla 'to fall' and 'to die in a battle; to die (cattle)' (Берков). Нем. Fellen.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme gal
Meaning 1 to fall down or off
Direction
Meaning 2 to vanish , perish , pass away
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW350, Кочергина 190
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme hagga
Meaning 1 'to fall'
Direction
Meaning 2 'to perish'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LH 28
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme lagás
Meaning 1 detached
Direction
Meaning 2 dead
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The verbs málagás 'to separate, to fall out, to fall', málagásan 'to die'. Таг 178
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme усьны
Meaning 1 to fall усьны гуö, зэр эз усьлы войт
"to fall into a pit, even a drop of rain did not fall"
Direction
Meaning 2 to perish аръявыв öвад усьö
"In autumn the gadflies die"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 686-687
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lithuanian
Lexeme krìsti
Meaning 1 to fall nuõ me˜džių kriñta lãpai
"leaves are falling off the trees"
Direction
Meaning 2 to die (animals) arklys krito
"the horse died"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LRŽ 361, similarly iškrìsti
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme pukutika
Meaning 1 to fall
Direction
Meaning 2 to die in mass watu walipukutika
"People were dying like flies"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme cyuti
Meaning 1 falling , falling down , gliding
Direction
Meaning 2 perishing , dying
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW403.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme tomber
Meaning 1 to fall down Un pot de fleurs tomba et se brisa.
"A flower pot fell down and came to pieces."
Direction
Meaning 2 to be killed ceux qui sont tombés au champ d'honneur
"the ones who fell in the battle"
Reference Larousse online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme falle
Meaning 1 to fall down falle på baken
"to fall to the ground"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be killed falle i krigen
"to die in the war"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme falde
Meaning 1 to fall down falde på gulvet
"to fall to the floor"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be killed faldet i kampen
"killed on the battlefield"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme falla
Meaning 1 to fall down stenen föll ner från taket
"the stone fell off the roof"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be killed han föll i slaget vid Stiklastad
"he fell in the battle of Stiklestad"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme falla
Meaning 1 to fall down bollinn féll á gólfið og brotnaði
"the cup fell down and came to pieces"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be killed margir hermenn hafa fallið í bardögunum
"a lot of soldiers fell in the battle"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme utir
Meaning 1 to fall down (about the leaves, predominantly)
Direction
Meaning 2 to die, pass away
Reference Tamil-Russian dictionary 119
Related Languages
Comment