Shift #977

<vessel> ↔ head

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Realization
Type Derivation
Language Thai
Lexeme 1 kâ-lā
Lexeme 2 kâ-lā-hūa
Meaning 1 half of the coconut shell
Direction
Meaning 2 noddle (vulg.)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Morev 1964, 58
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Osetin
Lexeme 1 kæxc
Lexeme 2 særgæxc
Meaning 1 bowl
Direction
Meaning 2 skull
Reference
Related Languages
Comment 'head' + 'cup', Абаев 3, 83
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme terrine
Meaning 1 bowl, eathern cup, pot terrine émaillée
"enamelled pot"
Direction
Meaning 2 head, noddle (vern.)
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme tatuca
Meaning 1 large vessel
Direction
Meaning 2 head (colloq.)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Venezuela Narumov 1995, 730
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme tirelire
Meaning 1 money-box tirelire en métal
"a metal money-box"
Direction
Meaning 2 head, noddle (vern.) recevoir un coup sur la tirelire
"to get hit on the head"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme кавозь
Meaning 1 pot сёвонень кавозь
"a clay pot"
Direction
Meaning 2 skull шава кавозь
"empty head"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment МокшРС 214
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Turkish
Language 2 Oyrot
Lexeme 1 güveç
Lexeme 2 кө:ш
Meaning 1 pot
Meaning 2 skull
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Alatai (dial.)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme kotelok
Meaning 1 pot, cauldron
Meaning 2 head (colloq.) у него котелок варит
"His head is screwed on the right way"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 English
Language 2 German
Lexeme 1 cup
Lexeme 2 Kopf
Meaning 1 cup
Meaning 2 head
Reference
Related Languages
Comment It has been borrowed into the Germ. Languages from the Lat. cup(p)a "barrel, tub"
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 French
Lexeme 1 testa
Lexeme 2 tête
Meaning 1 pot
Meaning 2 head
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 1931. Also Ital. testa. The Sp. testa is just a colloquial synonym of the word cabeza ‘head’. Buck 213
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme pan
Meaning 1 pan
Meaning 2 skull
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same word can mean 'face', see the shift DISH-FACE.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme ka-pa-la
Meaning 1 skull, forehead
Direction
Meaning 2 cup made of skull
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Intermediate case. The cup is indeed made of a skull. Рерих I.30.
Realization
Type Borrowing
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 Lithuanian
Lexeme 1 caucula
Lexeme 2 kaukolė
Meaning 1 dim. From caucus 'cup'
Direction
Meaning 2 skull
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Buck 214. Путь заимствования неясен.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme mate
Meaning 1 pumpkin, calabash
Direction
Meaning 2 head, noddle
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The first on is common for the South America, the second for Chili and the Rio-de-la-Plata region. Narumov 1995, 497
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Swedish
Lexeme 1 skål
Lexeme 2 skalle
Meaning 1 bowl, cup en stor skål jord­gubbar
"a big bowl of strawberries"
Direction
Meaning 2 skull en spricka i skallen
"skull fracture"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment Also Nor. skalle 'skull', Dan. skaal ‘cup’. It has been borrowed from the Scandinavian languages into Middle Engl.: skulle 'skull', Mod. Eng. Skull. Buck 214
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old English
Language 2 Gothic
Lexeme 1 hwer
Lexeme 2 hwairnei
Meaning 1 cauldron, pot
Direction
Meaning 2 skull
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also Old Icel. hverna ‘vessel, pot’ Buck 214
Realization
Type Cognates
Language Latin
Lexeme 1 capis
Lexeme 2 caput
Meaning 1 bowl for sacrifices
Direction
Meaning 2 head
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The Sanskr. kapāla 'cup (also cup for collecting alms)', 'skull' possibly goes back to the same root. The Sanskrit borrowing in Tibetan. Buck 212-213, Кочергина 148
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme gulgullu
Meaning 1 'container shaped like a human skull'
Direction
Meaning 2 'skull'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment CAD 127-128
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Slovak
Lexeme črep
Meaning 1 (цветочный) горшок, черепок
Direction
Meaning 2 skull
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also the Rus. Череп (skull), черепок (fragment), черепица (tile), Bulg. череп 'skull', чиреп 'fragment', Bulg. dial. чир’ъп, чиреп ‘clay pot’, Serb. цреп ‘fragment, tile’, possibly also Old Prus. kerpetis ‘skull’, Germ. Scherbe ‘fragment’, dial. ‘clay pot’, Sanskr. karpara ‘fragment, pot, skull’. Buck 214, ЭССЯ 4, 72
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Polish
Lexeme 1 czasza
Lexeme 2 czaszka
Meaning 1 bowl
Direction
Meaning 2 skull
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme théière
Meaning 1 teapot
Direction
Meaning 2 head, noddle (vern.)
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme fiole
Meaning 1 vial, flask, jar fiole de poison
"a vial of poison"
Direction
Meaning 2 head, noddle (vern.)
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment