to hear / to listen to understand 36 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme дильситiси
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference NMS: 436 Kosterkina, Momde, Ždanova 2001: 41
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme валомык
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Comment КорРС 13
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Even
Lexeme долдъ-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Comment ТМС, 1, 214-215
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Cognates
Language 1 French
Language 2 Spanish
Lexeme 1 entendre
Lexeme 2 entender
Meaning 1 to hear J'entends pleurer dans la pièce à côté.
'I can hear someone cry in the next room.'
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand, to be knowledgeable
Reference
Comment ###проверить грузинский
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme isit-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand, to comprehend nūččaly istäγin duo?
'Do you understand (lit. hear) Russian?'
Reference
Comment Аникин 2000, 497. ЯРС 156.
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme slyšat'
Meaning 1 to hear слышать смех
'to hear laughter'
Direction
Meaning 2 to hear это якут, он по-русски не слышит; он не говорит по-коряцки, а слышит
'He is Yakut, he does not understand Russian; he does not speak Koryak but he understands it.'
Reference
Comment Lower Indigir idioms
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Tundra Yukaghir
Lexeme мөри-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand (language)
Reference
Comment Аникин 2000, 497
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme sämma
Meaning 1 to hear mənəm alsämmahum
'I did not hear anything'
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand baynaggärutəm yəsämmutal
'Though they do not speak (this language), they understand it'
Reference
Comment The same meanings in Tigrinya sämʕe 'to hear, to listen, to understand' (KT 657)
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme khums-pa
Meaning 1 to hear, to listen
Meaning 2 to know, to understand
Reference
Comment Рерих I, 276.
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Avestan
Lexeme uš-
Meaning 1 hearing
Meaning 2 undestanding, intelligence
Reference
Comment ЭСИЯ 1, 268
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme элфсэс
Meaning 1 to listen т'илфсəзвин
'I am listening to you'
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand мил̹ мизвинк ттэ'ан крвэл̹хатас илфсқзузнэн
'Here all people understand Russian'
Reference
Comment Володин, Халоймова 119
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme entendre
Meaning 1 to hear J'entends pleurer dans la pièce à côté.
'I can hear someone cry in the next room.'
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand C'est ainsi que j'entends la vie.
'This is how I understand life.'
Reference Vanhove 2008: 348
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Yupik
Lexeme niiqur
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Vanhove 2008: 352
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Pintupi-Luritja
Lexeme kulinu
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 569
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Wagaya
Lexeme larr-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 570
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Yawuru
Lexeme langka-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 570
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Palenquero
Lexeme kuchá
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Vanhove 2008: 352
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Aranda
Lexeme awe
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 565
Comment Ibarretxe-Antuñano 2008: 25
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Pitjantjatjara
Lexeme kulini
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Ibarretxe-Antuñano 2008b: 25
Comment Evans, Wilkins 2000
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Bandjalangic
Lexeme gannga-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 569
Comment Ibarretxe-Antuñano 2008: 25
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Wik-Mungkan
Lexeme ngeeyan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 567
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Ngalkbun
Lexeme wonan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 567
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Kayardild
Lexeme marrija
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 567
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Kunwinjku
Lexeme bekkan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand (a language)
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 568
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Kukatja
Lexeme kulila
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 569
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Ngalakgan
Lexeme banarr-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 569
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Warlpiri
Lexeme purda-nyanyi
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 570
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Wubuy
Lexeme wawangki-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 571
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Warluwara
Lexeme rlari-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 553
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Yaqui (Hiaki)
Lexeme hikka
Meaning 1 to hear, listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Dictionary Yaqui: 46
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Thao
Lexeme t<un>maza
Meaning 1 to hear, listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand (a language)
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme sikia
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Polikanov
Comment
NEW Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme jeplar
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Mikeladze, Gigashvili 2012: 384
Comment
NEW Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme xac̣ar
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Bertlani (ed.) 2018: 211
Comment
NEW Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Hawu (Sabu)
Lexeme rəŋi
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Chukchee
Lexeme валёмык
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Moll, Inènlikèj 1957: 19
Comment