sweet (taste) fresh (of water) 16 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme 1 dulcis
Lexeme 2 aqua dulcis
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 sweet water
Reference
Comment Glare 578
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme doux
Meaning 1 sweet Le miel est doux.
Honey is sweet.
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (of water) eau douce
fresh water
Reference Larousse online
Comment Cf. Ital. acqua dolce 'пресная вода', Rum. Apa dulce DRRS 1, 750
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme sweet
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid sweet water
fresh water
Reference
Comment It is used along with 'fresh water'
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 Süß
Lexeme 2 Süßwasser
Meaning 1
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh water
Reference
Comment Cf. the Swed. söt 'sweet', sötvatten 'fresh water'
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Old Slavonic
Lexeme сладъкъ
Meaning 1
Direction
Meaning 2 дьнесь моръскыѩ сланыѩ воды сладькы бываѭтъ
Reference
Comment Cf. Serb.-Cr. слатка вода 'fresh water' [Толстой 2001: 550].
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme édes
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid édesvíz 'пресная вода'
édesvíz 'fresh water'
Reference
Comment Possibly a German calque.
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme γλυκύς
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid γλυκὺ ὕδωρ
fresh water
Reference LSJ
Comment LSJ 352
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Turkmen
Lexeme süÿji
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 fresh (water)
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Written Arabic
Lexeme حُلْو ḥulw-
Meaning 1 sweet ʔat-tuffāḥ-u l-ḥulw-u
sweet apples
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (water) wa-faḳadat ʔahl-u l-ḳāhirat-i l-māʔ-a l-ḥulw-a wa-štadda bi-n-nās-i l-ʕaṭš-u bi-sabab-i ḏālika
Cairo people had no more fresh (lit. sweet) water left, and because of that their thirst got stronger.
Reference Wehr: 237
Comment www.al-eman.com/Islamlib; www-duhaa.net/212.htm
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme tatlı
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 sweet water
Reference
Comment The same in Gagauz татлы су 'fresh water', татлы 'sweet'.
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Hebrew
Lexeme מָתוק māṯōq
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (water) מַיִם מָתוקִים mayim māṯōqīm
fresh water
Reference HAL: root no. 5869
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme makea
Meaning 1 sweet
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Azerbaijani
Lexeme şirin
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh, insipid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment The word has been borrowed from Persian.
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme شیرین širin
Meaning 1 sweet
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (water) اب شیرین āb-e širin
fresh water
Reference Rubinčik 1970: 126
Comment ПРС 13.
NEW Realization 15
Type Semantic evolution
Language Hill Mari
Lexeme ширӹ
Meaning 1 (dated) sweet (taste)
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (of water)
Reference Savatkova 2008
Comment
NEW Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Meadow Mari
Lexeme шере
Meaning 1 sweet (taste)

Мӱкш ден ошымшӱлыш-влак шере мӱйым погат (Анатолий Айзенворт)


Bees and bumblebees collect sweet honey
Direction
Meaning 2 fresh (of water)
Reference Marij jylme muter
Comment