to see/to look at to care for, look after 42 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme amāru
Meaning 1 to see, to look ṣuḫārum... kišādam lā immaru kunkam-ma idnaššum
the servant must not see the necklace, give it to him in a package
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after, to take care of ina kaprīšu līzib-ma bīssu u eqelšu līmur
let him stay in his village and look after his home and his field
Reference CAD: a 2, 5
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme ⱨač̣ar
Meaning 1 to see/to look at
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, look after
Reference Bertlani (ed.) 2018: 326
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme نَظَرَ naḏ̣ara
Meaning 1 to look at, to watch نَظَرَ اليه نظرة المهابة والاكبار

to loot at smb. with respect and honour

Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, to look after; to guard

... نَظَرَ ل 


to look after smb.

Reference Baranov
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Egyptian
Lexeme nw
Meaning 1 see, look
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of, look after
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 177
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 see
Lexeme 2 see (to smth.)
Meaning 1 to see
cats see well at night
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after to see to the children
Reference
Comment The change in subcategorization frame.
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 look
Lexeme 2 look after
Meaning 1 to look
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme katsoa
Meaning 1 look at
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of, look after
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 177
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Derivation
Language Gaagudju
Lexeme 1 goro-garra
Lexeme 2 goro-garra-garra
Meaning 1 to see
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 574
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme бакмаа (bakmaa)
Meaning 1 to see/to look at
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, look after
Reference Gajdarži et al. 1973: 69
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ḥawwaṣa
Meaning 1 to look on, peep, observe wa-təḫewwəṣ ʔəḫtu ʔəmrəḥuḳ kama tāʔmər mənt təbaṣṣəḥo (Ex. 2:4)
and his sister watches him from far away in order to know what happens to him
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after, take care of, be solicitous wa-hallo 1 radʔ... za-yəḥewwəṣā wa-yətʔallakā (Walatta Petros 38)
and there was assistant who looked after her and served her
Reference CDG: 250
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Gude
Lexeme nəngə
Meaning 1 watch
Direction
Meaning 2 look after, take care of
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 177
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Derivation
Language Hausa
Lexeme 1 dība
Lexeme 2 bedauye dibi
Meaning 1 look at, look for
Direction
Meaning 2 guard, watch, keep safe
Reference
Comment Haser 2000. 178
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Hill Mari
Lexeme анжаш
Meaning 1 to see/to look at
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, look after
Reference Savatkova 2008
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Derivation
Language Hungarian
Lexeme 1 néz
Lexeme 2 utána nez
Meaning 1 look at, look for, consider
Direction
Meaning 2 look after
Reference
Comment utána 'after'
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Derivation
Language Kannada
Lexeme 1 kā (kād-), kāy (kād-/kāyd-), kāyi (kāyid-)
Lexeme 2 kāpāḍu
Meaning 1 to watch, to guard etc.
Direction
Meaning 2 to guard, take care of
Reference DEDR: 132
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme бакъ-
Meaning 1 to look анасына бакъ та, къызыны ал
look at the mother and ask the daughter in marriage (saying)
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for бакъсан-багъ, бакъмасанъ-дагъ
If you take care of it, it will turn into a garden, if you don't, it will turn into a wood (saying)
Reference KRPS: 99
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme сакла-
Meaning 1 protect, guard, preserve
Direction
Meaning 2 to watch (over), to keep an eye (on)
Reference Gajdarži et al. 1973: 461
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme mə:l
Meaning 1 see
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Derivation
Language Kunwinjku
Lexeme 1 nan
Lexeme 2 nahnan
Meaning 1 to see
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after, watch over, care for, look out for
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 574
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Kurux
Lexeme ērnā (īryas)
Meaning 1 look, see
Direction
Meaning 2 look after
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 177
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Kwamera
Lexeme -ata amasan
Meaning 1 see good
Direction
Meaning 2 protect, look after
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Derivation
Language Malagasy
Lexeme 1 miandrànda
Lexeme 2 miàndary
Meaning 1 hope for, look up
Direction
Meaning 2 expect, take care of
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Manchu
Lexeme tuwa-
Meaning 1 look
Direction
Meaning 2 oversee
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Marshallese
Lexeme lale
Meaning 1 see, look
Direction
Meaning 2 look after
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Meadow Mari
Lexeme ончаш
Meaning 1 to see/to look at ӱмбакыже ончаш
to look at him
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, look after йочам ончаш, сӧснам ончаш
to take care of a child; to look after pigs
Reference Marij jylme muter
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme hara-
Meaning 1 look (at)
Direction
Meaning 2 guard, supervise, look after someone
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme īxōtiā
Meaning 1 keep watch
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of something, look after something, keep watch
Reference
Comment īx-tli 'face, surface, eye'
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme смотреть
Meaning 1 to see, to watch смотреть на звезды
to watch stars
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after смотреть за больным
to look after a patient
Reference
Comment The change in subcategorization frame.
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 следить
Lexeme 2 следить
Meaning 1 to watch someone




Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, look after

следить за детьми


look after the children

Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Rutul
Lexeme гакъын / gaɢɨn
Meaning 1 to see/to look at

гьаIятди гакъын / haˤjatdi gaɢɨn


to look into the yard

Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, look after
хынхыхда гакъын / χɨnχɨχda gaɢɨn

to look after children

Reference Ismailova 2011: 283
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Sumerian
Lexeme 1 igi--du8
Lexeme 2 igi--du8
Meaning 1 to look at smth, see

lu2 muš2 kug-ga igi du8 en {d}Nun-dim2-mud-e (A Hymn to Haia for Rim-Sin (Rim-Sin B) 2.6.9.2:27); a-da tuš kur-šag4-ga igi du8 (Proverbs 6.1.26:20)


He who gazes upon the holy precinct, upon Lord Nudimmud; those who live near the water look into the mountains.

Direction
Meaning 2 to look after, inspect

a-zu sag9-ge šim-mu2 tur5-ra-ta šag4 lu2-ulu3 igi du8 (A dog of Nintinuga 5.7.2:9); lu2-ra igi du8 na-an-ak-e uru2-bi ša-ri-<ib>-su-su (The instructions of Suruppag 5.6.1:21)


The kindly physician, the exorcist to the sick, who looks after the hearts of humans; you should not make an inspection (?) on a man: the flood (?) will give it back (?) to you.

Reference
Comment The composite verb is used with the Locative element -ni- or /bi-/. The verb du8 itself means 'to open; to release'. Also igi--ĝál 'to look at; to keep watch'. For more examples see: https://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/etcsl.cgi?simplesearchword=&simplesearch=&searchword=igi+du8&charenc=gcirc&lists=
ACCEPTED Realization 32
Type Derivation
Language Swahili
Lexeme 1 angalia
Lexeme 2 mwangalizi
Meaning 1 look at, be careful
Direction
Meaning 2 a careful, observant person, caretaker, guardian
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme libgub
Meaning 1 to look
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after бицIидариз лигуб
to look after the children
Reference
Comment (TabRus 217)
ACCEPTED Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme pār-
Meaning 1 To see, look at, view, notice, observe
Direction
Meaning 2 To look after, take care of, manage, superintend
Reference Tamil lexicon: 2615
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme ltos-pa
Meaning 1 to look, to watch
Direction
Meaning 2 to take care
Reference
Comment Рерих 3, 393.
ACCEPTED Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme ʔattaḳbala
Meaning 1 to look wa-ʔəb la-ʔənkərā la-gəbuḥ waʕagā ʔət lattaḳbəllo ʔəgəl la-́ṣəgādu ḥagḥaga
and he scrubbed his neck with its blunt side, while the monkey was watching him (PPEA I:13, line 20)
Direction
Meaning 2 to look after smth məndi ləddarre dib šābrā; ʔadugātu lattaḳbəl
when he descends to Shabra, he watches his donkeys (PPEA III:526, L. 714, line 15)
Reference WTS: 248
Comment Presumably the shift is from 'to shepherd' to 'to watch'. Formally the verb is causative from one of the following verbs: ḳabbala 'accept', ̣ʔaḳbala 'retrun' ḳābala 'go to the other side'.
ACCEPTED Realization 37
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme bak-
Meaning 1 look
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of, look after, tend hastaya bak
to look after a patient
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 38
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme bakmak
Meaning 1 to see/to look at
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for, look after hastaya bakmak
to look after the patient (to watch at a person's bedside)
Reference Jusipova 2005
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 39
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme көр-
Meaning 1 to look; to see
Direction
Meaning 2 to care for мал көөр
to look after the cattle
Reference
Comment The same in Yak. Көр-.
ACCEPTED Realization 40
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme nhìn
Meaning 1 see
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 41
Type Derivation
Language Yir Yoront
Lexeme 1 karr
Lexeme 2 mon=karr
Meaning 1 see
Direction
Meaning 2 accompany and look after, take care of
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178
ACCEPTED Realization 42
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme beka
Meaning 1 look
Direction
Meaning 2 take care of, look after, watch, supervise
Reference
Comment Haser 2000, 178